Internet-Draft Matroska Chapter Codecs October 2021
Lhomme, et al. Expires 12 April 2022 [Page]
Intended Status:
Standards Track
S. Lhomme
M. Bunkus
D. Rice

Matroska Media Container Chapter Codecs Specifications


This document defines common Matroska Chapter Codecs, the basic Matroska Script and the DVD inspired DVD menu.

Status of This Memo

This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-Drafts is at

Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

This Internet-Draft will expire on 12 April 2022.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction


2. Status of this document

This document is a work-in-progress specification defining the Matroska file format as part of the IETF Cellar working group. It uses basic elements and concepts already defined in the Matroska specifications defined by this workgroup.

3. Security Considerations

Tag values can be either strings or binary blobs. This document inherits security considerations from the EBML and Matroska documents.

4. IANA Considerations

To be determined.

5. Notation and Conventions

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all capitals, as shown here.

6. Matroska Chapter Codecs


6.1. Matroska Script (0)

This is the case when ChapProcessCodecID = 0. This is a script language build for Matroska purposes. The inspiration comes from ActionScript, javascript and other similar scripting languages. The commands are stored as text commands, in UTF-8. The syntax is C like, with commands spanned on many lines, each terminating with a ";". You can also include comments at the end of lines with "//" or comment many lines using "/* */". The scripts are stored in ChapProcessData. For the moment ChapProcessPrivate is not used.

The one and only command existing for the moment is GotoAndPlay( ChapterUID );. As the same suggests, it means that, when this command is encountered, the Matroska Player SHOULD jump to the Chapter specified by the UID and play it.

6.2. DVD menu (1)

This is the case when ChapProcessCodecID = 1. Each level of a chapter corresponds to a logical level in the DVD system that is stored in the first octet of the ChapProcessPrivate. This DVD hierarchy is as follows:

Table 1
ChapProcessPrivate DVD Name Hierarchy Commands Possible Comment
0x30 SS DVD domain - First Play, Video Manager, Video Title
0x2A LU Language Unit - Contains only PGCs
0x28 TT Title - Contains only PGCs
0x20 PGC Program Group Chain (PGC) *
0x18 PG Program 1 / Program 2 / Program 3 -
0x10 PTT Part Of Title 1 / Part Of Title 2 - Equivalent to the chapters on the sleeve.
0x08 CN Cell 1 / Cell 2 / Cell 3 / Cell 4 / Cell 5 / Cell 6 -

You can also recover wether a Segment is a Video Manager (VMG), Video Title Set (VTS) or Video Title Set Menu (VTSM) from the ChapterTranslateID element found in the Segment Info. This field uses 2 octets as follows:

  1. Domain Type: 0 for VMG, the domain number for VTS and VTSM
  2. Domain Value: 0 for VMG and VTSM, 1 for the VTS source.

For instance, the menu part from VTS010.VOB would be coded [1,0] and the content part from VTS023.VOB would be [2,1]. The VMG is always [0,0]

The following octets of ChapProcessPrivate are as follows:

Table 2
Octet 1 DVD Name Following Octets
0x30 SS Domain name code (1: 0x00= First play, 0xC0= VMG, 0x40= VTSM, 0x80= VTS) + VTS(M) number (2)
0x2A LU Language code (2) + Language extension (1)
0x28 TT global Title number (2) + corresponding TTN of the VTS (1)
0x20 PGC PGC number (2) + Playback Type (1) + Disabled User Operations (4)
0x18 PG Program number (2)
0x10 PTT PTT-chapter number (1)
0x08 CN Cell number [VOB ID(2)][Cell ID(1)][Angle Num(1)]

If the level specified in ChapProcessPrivate is a PGC (0x20), there is an octet called the Playback Type, specifying the kind of PGC defined:

  • 0x00: entry only/basic PGC
  • 0x82: Title+Entry Menu (only found in the Video Manager domain)
  • 0x83: Root Menu (only found in the VTSM domain)
  • 0x84: Subpicture Menu (only found in the VTSM domain)
  • 0x85: Audio Menu (only found in the VTSM domain)
  • 0x86: Angle Menu (only found in the VTSM domain)
  • 0x87: Chapter Menu (only found in the VTSM domain)

The next 4 following octets correspond to the User Operation flags in the standard PGC. When a bit is set, the command SHOULD be disabled.

ChapProcessData contains the pre/post/cell commands in binary format as there are stored on a DVD. There is just an octet preceding these data to specify the number of commands in the element. As follows: [# of commands(1)][command 1 (8)][command 2 (8)][command 3 (8)].

More information on the DVD commands and format on DVD from the [DVD-Info] project.

7. Normative References

Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, , <>.
Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC 2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174, , <>.

8. Informative References

"DVD-Video Information", , <>.

Authors' Addresses

Steve Lhomme
Moritz Bunkus
Dave Rice