From nobody Sun Mar 4 11:54:37 2018 Return-Path: X-Original-To: gaia@ietfa.amsl.com Delivered-To: gaia@ietfa.amsl.com Received: from localhost (localhost [127.0.0.1]) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTP id 2EAD41242F7 for ; Sun, 4 Mar 2018 11:54:35 -0800 (PST) X-Virus-Scanned: amavisd-new at amsl.com X-Spam-Flag: NO X-Spam-Score: -4.2 X-Spam-Level: X-Spam-Status: No, score=-4.2 tagged_above=-999 required=5 tests=[BAYES_00=-1.9, HTML_MESSAGE=0.001, RCVD_IN_DNSWL_MED=-2.3, SPF_PASS=-0.001] autolearn=ham autolearn_force=no Received: from mail.ietf.org ([4.31.198.44]) by localhost (ietfa.amsl.com [127.0.0.1]) (amavisd-new, port 10024) with ESMTP id 9P2zjsY8prI8 for ; Sun, 4 Mar 2018 11:54:31 -0800 (PST) Received: from roura.ac.upc.es (roura.ac.upc.es [147.83.33.10]) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTP id 7B027126BFD for ; Sun, 4 Mar 2018 11:54:31 -0800 (PST) Received: from correu-1.ac.upc.es (correu-1.ac.upc.es [147.83.30.91]) by roura.ac.upc.es (8.13.8/8.13.8) with ESMTP id w24JsUXB019537 for ; Sun, 4 Mar 2018 20:54:30 +0100 Received: from leandro.home (unknown [93.176.132.36]) by correu-1.ac.upc.es (Postfix) with ESMTPSA id ADF618B5 for ; Sun, 4 Mar 2018 20:54:24 +0100 (CET) From: Leandro Navarro Content-Type: multipart/alternative; boundary="Apple-Mail=_BA68C978-4401-4932-895A-9D62D92922BF" Mime-Version: 1.0 (Mac OS X Mail 11.2 \(3445.5.20\)) Message-Id: <09B8469F-8ED1-4BBD-B7CB-A35F31E59734@ac.upc.edu> Date: Sun, 4 Mar 2018 20:54:22 +0100 To: gaia X-Mailer: Apple Mail (2.3445.5.20) Archived-At: Subject: [gaia] Two upcoming meetings: Online meet up + IETF101 X-BeenThere: gaia@irtf.org X-Mailman-Version: 2.1.22 Precedence: list List-Id: Global Access to the Internet for All List-Unsubscribe: , List-Archive: List-Post: List-Help: List-Subscribe: , X-List-Received-Date: Sun, 04 Mar 2018 19:54:35 -0000 --Apple-Mail=_BA68C978-4401-4932-895A-9D62D92922BF Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8 Dear all, announcement of two upcoming meetings: 1. GAIA =E2=80=93 Online Meet up: 13, 14, 15 March at 11 UTC (less than = 1 hour duration) For those in Asia that we could take a call also at = 2300 UTC or 0100 UTC If you want to join, add your name and time preferences here (before = Wednesday 7 noon UTC)? https://doodle.com/poll/2kcveznht85u8y3w = We could share news and discuss ideas for a new WG document on best = current practices: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Best_current_practice = Let me and Jane = off-list of any suggestion. =20 2. GAIA @IETF 101 in London = https://datatracker.ietf.org/meeting/agenda/ = and = https://datatracker.ietf.org/group/gaia/meetings/ = =20 We are scheduled for GAIA on Thu 2018-03-22 13:30 Jane will send soon the list of presentations that fit in the session, = based on proposals she received (priority for new speakers). We hope to = meet some of you there. There are Day Passes for Academic or GAIA Speakers: = https://www.ietf.org/how/meetings/101/guest-day/ = =20 You can also participate remotely: = https://www.ietf.org/how/meetings/101/remote/ = =20 Kind regards, Jane & Leandro. -- Leandro Navarro http://people.ac.upc.edu/leandro http://dsg.ac.upc.edu --Apple-Mail=_BA68C978-4401-4932-895A-9D62D92922BF Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8
Dear all, announcement of two upcoming meetings:

1. GAIA =E2=80=93 Online = Meet up: 13, 14, 15 March at 11 UTC (less than 1 hour duration) For = those in Asia that we could take a call also at 2300 UTC or 0100 = UTC
If you want to join, add your name and time = preferences here (before Wednesday 7 noon UTC)? https://doodle.com/poll/2kcveznht85u8y3w
We could share news and discuss ideas for a new WG document = on best current practices: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Best_current_practice Le= t me and Jane off-list of any suggestion.
 
2.  GAIA @IETF 101 in London https://datatracker.ietf.org/meeting/agenda/ and = https://datatracker.ietf.org/group/gaia/meetings/ 
We are scheduled for GAIA on Thu = 2018-03-22 13:30
Jane will send soon the list of = presentations that fit in the session, based on proposals she received = (priority for new speakers). We hope to meet some of you there.

There are Day Passes for Academic or = GAIA Speakers: https://www.ietf.org/how/meetings/101/guest-day/ 
You can also participate remotely: https://www.ietf.org/how/meetings/101/remote/ 

Kind = regards,

Jane = & Leandro.
--
Leandro Navarro
http://people.ac.upc.edu/leandro =  http://dsg.ac.upc.edu

= --Apple-Mail=_BA68C978-4401-4932-895A-9D62D92922BF-- From nobody Mon Mar 5 07:37:06 2018 Return-Path: X-Original-To: gaia@ietfa.amsl.com Delivered-To: gaia@ietfa.amsl.com Received: from localhost (localhost [127.0.0.1]) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTP id 6676512426E for ; Sun, 4 Mar 2018 20:55:04 -0800 (PST) X-Virus-Scanned: amavisd-new at amsl.com X-Spam-Flag: NO X-Spam-Score: 0.512 X-Spam-Level: X-Spam-Status: No, score=0.512 tagged_above=-999 required=5 tests=[BAYES_50=0.8, DKIM_SIGNED=0.1, DKIM_VALID=-0.1, DKIM_VALID_AU=-0.1, FREEMAIL_FORGED_FROMDOMAIN=0.25, FREEMAIL_FROM=0.001, HEADER_FROM_DIFFERENT_DOMAINS=0.25, HTML_MESSAGE=0.001, RCVD_IN_DNSWL_LOW=-0.7, SPF_PASS=-0.001, T_KAM_HTML_FONT_INVALID=0.01, URIBL_BLOCKED=0.001] autolearn=ham autolearn_force=no Authentication-Results: ietfa.amsl.com (amavisd-new); dkim=pass (2048-bit key) header.d=gmail.com header.b=f1bejStj; dkim=pass (1024-bit key) header.d=cs.washington.edu header.b=O8yLo19R Received: from mail.ietf.org ([4.31.198.44]) by localhost (ietfa.amsl.com [127.0.0.1]) (amavisd-new, port 10024) with ESMTP id ILZTBLV6MT07 for ; Sun, 4 Mar 2018 20:55:01 -0800 (PST) Received: from mail-vk0-x22f.google.com (mail-vk0-x22f.google.com [IPv6:2607:f8b0:400c:c05::22f]) (using TLSv1.2 with cipher ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256 (128/128 bits)) (No client certificate requested) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTPS id 905E3124235 for ; Sun, 4 Mar 2018 20:55:01 -0800 (PST) Received: by mail-vk0-x22f.google.com with SMTP id a63so9004458vkg.6 for ; Sun, 04 Mar 2018 20:55:01 -0800 (PST) DKIM-Signature: v=1; a=rsa-sha256; c=relaxed/relaxed; d=gmail.com; s=20161025; h=mime-version:sender:from:date:message-id:subject:to; bh=gKYEJQN3MCoaIhEuRh0QZm4SKvvF702NcvdbwPthtHg=; b=f1bejStj1ToGE6XzEM9TgpznW6HvoCFzqP5BF9MatRExe+erOlFrJO2cJo0TVw6K0K IbSLd91oEAaB08CJVFofcF3avn9WrtIU5kM05MIQLTiTIFRjzXorSzy8HORx0bft+muM 7mmBDgO/+5XlpAqQg7H1HTP8COUzBGp6LZUCWpPaBilko6FWHPPJlB84eHJ7dzHozIei zXoHK/ARQ6MSKgAycxtTbBM8E7J6/2raNqiZjayKbwt00n1viZZXvNDQYCNh1gCpsKIf hE5woVOaBJ3p8OGVTLibvXmNNLggcTplnVf44CRv3WFEDZzn0Kd6NDGn5uhqJYYyXXsG YbTA== DKIM-Signature: v=1; a=rsa-sha256; c=relaxed/relaxed; d=cs.washington.edu; s=goo201206; h=mime-version:sender:from:date:message-id:subject:to; bh=gKYEJQN3MCoaIhEuRh0QZm4SKvvF702NcvdbwPthtHg=; b=O8yLo19R4bFnO4K4BvTedojGxuCnjJpV2kenfVX1rRHBhJmJcXdv7u+Ko+8y3qQ1KW +kd+BNVZ1lhhuiidJCcqBE+02h2pYjx3sNfOfLqQ/1HzWJu6i/X8232ExGJhsKmnfouj pkE/l3I2AFlYvlHfrikv1WgEPU/Rf0r3mztAU= X-Google-DKIM-Signature: v=1; a=rsa-sha256; c=relaxed/relaxed; d=1e100.net; s=20161025; h=x-gm-message-state:mime-version:sender:from:date:message-id:subject :to; bh=gKYEJQN3MCoaIhEuRh0QZm4SKvvF702NcvdbwPthtHg=; b=g5ktASJJBqIytUh62vsnchpNVNNGjQ7IA2/L2fYzaxkUMq5cU1BO94xNIgcT3tBJ7N kXngu0nhrPXsPImW5AIDiy/ealn5XGlxqPzecC4RGpK5kBcRQkame0mHHOncq+JT/YxI x+PodhiQIwTUj+OwggW3x1fnuxIbPn29XO5Eyc3pxV/CMgRlUMhya2xnh+YMmPA1lpZk XiHmoYcJapO2+1oRmC2UymwzgvuU2LKNNqbAe68irmAFTzK0mrIXRSoZj65B0bRZpUvk 1rX3d8ZklJb09WuuXxnWZ/iKJgFxCfxMCfwDOAMKkt3yZ2LfnswNvIR+1xR/7Xkn+tIR FlVQ== X-Gm-Message-State: APf1xPDV95EGofq3QBSYitvm7F970haTBb1YwE/Yxl7edBEXxuJ4xqjl SDwMz5tcL2KZlFcu6AAXAAoCuPgmpI5dZ6ADDLU= X-Google-Smtp-Source: AG47ELsHxM79xHvMtSR7OiiE/r94l062zZz0waPcpr9RecE+yN8KJrDCNvmpAd3NxJ3gVLT6irEmXctH7EGJyCXBmoM= X-Received: by 10.31.96.210 with SMTP id u201mr9854878vkb.171.1520225700254; Sun, 04 Mar 2018 20:55:00 -0800 (PST) MIME-Version: 1.0 Sender: munncha@gmail.com Received: by 10.159.47.17 with HTTP; Sun, 4 Mar 2018 20:54:19 -0800 (PST) From: Kurtis Heimerl Date: Sun, 4 Mar 2018 20:54:19 -0800 X-Google-Sender-Auth: SMfGw9V6SoDytplu5bq7J2Zo9bU Message-ID: To: change , tier , gaia , dc3@listas.altermundi.net Content-Type: multipart/alternative; boundary="001a114e60b8d79a1d0566a32010" Archived-At: X-Mailman-Approved-At: Mon, 05 Mar 2018 07:37:04 -0800 Subject: [gaia] ACM COMPASS 2018 Call for Notes and Work-in-progress Posters: March 30th, 2018 X-BeenThere: gaia@irtf.org X-Mailman-Version: 2.1.22 Precedence: list List-Id: Global Access to the Internet for All List-Unsubscribe: , List-Archive: List-Post: List-Help: List-Subscribe: , X-List-Received-Date: Mon, 05 Mar 2018 04:55:04 -0000 --001a114e60b8d79a1d0566a32010 Content-Type: text/plain; charset="UTF-8" The Notes and Posters Chairs (Kurtis Heimerl, University of Washington and Nithya Sambasivan, Google) invite you to submit your more compact research to the ACM COMPASS notes and work-in-progress posters tracks this March. ACM COMPASS is a broad, interdisciplinary conference focused on research that benefits underrepresented communities throughout the world. This notes track is appropriate for smaller-scale focused research results and, as a new addition, position papers (e.g. HotConference-style) in the ICTD and/or Sustainability spaces. These are completed works and will be published in the ACM COMPASS proceedings. The official call for notes is below and also available here . The work-in-progress poster proposals track is appropriate for works in progress and allows for researchers to gather feedback and discussion on projects and dissertation work that is still being developed. These will not be published in the ACM proceedings. The official call for posters is also below and available here . -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Call for Notes The first annual ACM SIGCAS Conference on Computing and Sustainable Societies (ACM COMPASS 2018) invites submissions of 4-page Notes for the main conference program. ACM COMPASS is a re-creation of the ACM DEV conference, which was held annually between 2010 and 2016. The new conference expands the focus of the original conference to explicitly welcome work on underrepresented communities worldwide and includes a new track on sustainability. To ensure strong contributions, the conference will accept Notes based on tracks corresponding to the computing areas they draw upon. The tracks for the 2018 conference are Systems, HCI, Data Science, Sustainability, and Applications. Notes are treated to a similar review process as full papers, with a focus on strength of the research contribution to scholarship in computing and sustainable societies. However, Notes are more focused and provide a shorter contribution. For example, related work or discussion may be much more targeted, rather than aiming for breadth and completeness as in Full Papers. Notes can be up to 4 pages in length (not including references). Notes will be published in the ACM SIGCAS proceedings. Due to the short review cycle, Notes will be assessed as is, without revise and resubmit provisions. Submissions should be made to https://compass18notesposters.hotcrp.com. Use the CHI 2018 Proceedings Format available here . See our FAQ if you still have questions! Some examples of note-scoped contributions could be: - A case study of an intervention towards social good and evidence of its utility. - A novel technical system that provides a contribution over known techniques in low resource computing. - An empirical or conceptual understanding of a specific under-represented community or situation that enhances how the community or situation is viewed within COMPASS. - A novel methodology for designing, building, or understanding a system for under-represented communities. - An analysis of the impact of a policy, law or regulation in an area relevant to COMPASS. - A discussion with scholarly debate about: - viewpoints (short articles dedicated to views and opinions on the impact of technology in which positions are substantiated by facts or principled arguments), - point/counterpoints (two viewpoints, taking opposite sides of an argument), and - multi-author discussion articles (e.g. authors discuss arguments around an issue concerning the impact of technology on society). Works in progress without a clear research result are not appropriate submissions and will be rejected. For work-in-progress research, consider submitting to Posters. Please see the FAQ page for further clarifications. Important dates March 30, 2018: Deadline for submission of notes. April 13, 2018: Notifications of decisions on submitted notes sent. May 4, 2018: Camera-ready of accepted notes due. All submissions are due 11:59 pm UTC. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Call for Work-in-progress Posters The first annual ACM SIGCAS conference on computing & sustainable societies (ACM COMPASS 2018) invites submissions of 4-page work-in-progress poster proposals. These proposals provide a unique opportunity for sharing valuable ideas, eliciting useful feedback on early-stage work, and fostering discussions and collaborations among colleagues. Accepted submissions will be presented as a physical poster at the conference. COMPASS 2018 is a re-creation of the ACM DEV conference, which was held annually between 2010 and 2016. The new conference expands the focus of the original conference to explicitly welcome work on underrepresented communities worldwide and includes a new track on sustainability. To ensure strong contributions, the conference will accept based on tracks corresponding to the computing areas they draw upon. The focus areas for the 2018 conference are Systems, HCI, Data Science, Sustainability, and Applications. Poster proposals are structured similarly to Notes, being shorter and more focused. However, poster proposals are explicitly for works-in-progress and not completed research. Submissions should represent work that has not reached a level of completion or maturity that would warrant the full refereed selection process and should report on cutting edge or emerging work that has not been fully realized or developed or for which empirical data may not yet be available. The goal is for this early-phase work to be presented to the community for feedback. Submitters will be expected to generate posters for their proposals if accepted and present these at the 2018 ACM COMPASS poster session. Posters and poster proposals will not be published in ACM SIGCAS proceedings, allowing for future publications on the same topic. Proposals can be up to 4 pages in length (not including references). Due to the short review cycle, poster proposals will be assessed as-is, without revise and resubmit provisions. Submissions should be made to https://compass18notesposters.hotcrp.com. Use the CHI 2018 Proceedings Format available here . See our FAQ if you still have questions! Some examples of poster proposals could be: - An initial investigation with insufficient statistical power into mobile money use in a marginalized community. - The current state of a specific dissertation project seeking feedback and guidance. - A notable negative result worth discussing with the community. Important dates March 30, 2018: Deadline for submission of poster proposals. April 13, 2018: Notification of decisions on submitted poster proposals. May 4, 2018: Camera-ready of accepted poster proposals. All submission are due 11:59 pm UTC. --001a114e60b8d79a1d0566a32010 Content-Type: text/html; charset="UTF-8" Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable

The Notes and Po= sters Chairs (Kurtis Heimerl, University of Washington and Nithya Sambasiva= n, Google) invite you to submit your more compact research to the ACM COMPA= SS notes and work-in-progress posters tracks this March. ACM COMPASS is a b= road, interdisciplinary conference focused on research that benefits underr= epresented communities throughout the world. This notes track is appropriat= e for smaller-scale focused research results and, as a new addition, positi= on papers (e.g. HotConference-style) in the ICTD and/or Sustainability spac= es. These are completed works and will be published in the ACM COMPASS proc= eedings. The official call for notes is below and also available here. Th= e work-in-progress poster proposals track is appropriate for works in progr= ess and allows for researchers to gather feedback and discussion on project= s and dissertation work that is still being developed. These will not be pu= blished in the ACM proceedings. The official call for posters is also below= and available here.


---------------------------------------= ---------------------------------------------------------------------------= --

Call for Notes


The first annual ACM SIGCAS Conference on Computin= g and Sustainable Societies (ACM COMPASS 2018) invites submissions of 4-pag= e Notes for the main conference program. ACM COMPASS is a re-creation of th= e ACM DEV conference, which was held annually between 2010 and 2016. The ne= w conference expands the focus of the original conference to explicitly wel= come work on underrepresented communities worldwide and includes a new trac= k on sustainability. To ensure strong contributions, the conference will ac= cept Notes based on tracks corresponding to the computing areas they draw u= pon. The tracks for the 2018 conference are Systems, HCI, Data Science, Sus= tainability, and Applications.


Notes are treated to a similar review pr= ocess as full papers, with a focus on strength of the research contribution= to scholarship in computing and sustainable societies. However, Notes are = mor= e focused and provide a shorter contribution. For example, related work or dis= cussion may be much more targeted, rather than aiming for breadth and compl= eteness as in Full Papers. Notes can be up to 4 pages in length (not includ= ing references). Notes will be published in the ACM SIGCAS proceedings. Due= to the short review cycle, Notes will be assessed as is, without revise and resu= bmit provisions. Submissions should be made to https://comp= ass18notesposters.hotcrp.com. Use the CHI 2018 Proceedings Format availabl= e here. See our FAQ if you still have questions!


S= ome examples of note-scoped contributions could be:

  • A case study of an intervention tow= ards social good and evidence of its utility.

  • A novel = technical system that provides a contribution over known techniques in low = resource computing.

  • An empirical or conceptual underst= anding of a specific under-represented community or situation that enhances= how the community or situation is viewed within COMPASS.

  • A novel methodology for designing, building, or understanding a system = for under-represented communities.

  • An analysis of the = impact of a policy, law or regulation in an area relevant to COMPASS.

  • A discussion with scholarly debate about:

  • viewpoints (short art= icles dedicated to views and opinions on the impact of technology in which = positions are substantiated by facts or principled arguments),

  • point/counterpoints (two viewpoints, taking opposite sides of an= argument), and

  • multi-author discussion articles (e.= g. authors discuss arguments around an issue concerning the impact of techn= ology on society).

Works in progress without a clear researc= h result are not appropriate submissions and will be rejected. For work-in-= progress research, consider submitting to Posters. Please see the FAQ page = for further clarifications.

Important dates

March 30, 2018: Deadline for= submission of notes.

April 13, 2018: Notifications of decisions on submitt= ed notes sent.

May 4, 2018: Camera-ready of accepted notes due.

<= p dir=3D"ltr" style=3D"line-height:1.38;margin-top:0pt;margin-bottom:0pt"><= span style=3D"font-size:11pt;font-family:Arial;color:rgb(0,0,0);background-= color:transparent;font-weight:700;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;tex= t-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre-wrap">All submiss= ions are due 11:59 pm UTC.


-------------------------------------------= ----------------------------------------

Call for Work-in-progress Poster= s

The first annual ACM SIGCAS conference on computing & sustainable so= cieties (ACM COMPASS 2018) invites submissions of 4-page work-in-progress p= oster proposals. These proposals provide a unique opportunity for sharing v= aluable ideas, eliciting useful feedback on early-stage work, and fostering= discussions and collaborations among colleagues. Accepted submissions will= be presented as a physical poster at the conference. COMPASS 2018 is a re-= creation of the ACM DEV conference, which was held annually between 2010 an= d 2016. The new conference expands the focus of the original conference to = explicitly welcome work on underrepresented communities worldwide and inclu= des a new track on sustainability. To ensure strong contributions, the conf= erence will accept =C2=A0based on tracks corresponding to the computing are= as they draw upon. The focus areas for the 2018 conference are Systems, HCI= , Data Science, Sustainability, and Applications.


Poster proposals are = structured similarly to Notes, being shorter and more focused. However, pos= ter proposals are explicitly for works-in-progress and not completed resear= ch. Submissions should represent work that has not reached a level of compl= etion or maturity that would warrant the full refereed selection process an= d should report on cutting edge or emerging work that has not been fully re= alized or developed or for which empirical data may not yet be available. <= /span>The = goal is for this early-phase work to be presented to the community for feed= back. Submitters will be expected to generate posters for their proposals if a= ccepted and present these at the 2018 ACM COMPASS poster session. Posters a= nd poster proposals will not be published in ACM SIGCAS proceedings, allowi= ng for future publications on the same topic. Proposals can be up to 4 page= s in length (not including references). Due to the short review cycle, post= er proposals will be assessed as-is, without revise and resubmit provisions. Subm= issions should be made to https://compass18notesposters.hotcrp.= com. Use the CHI 2018 Proceedings Format available<= span style=3D"font-size:11pt;font-family:Arial;color:rgb(0,0,0);background-= color:transparent;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;tex= t-decoration:none;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:pre-wrap"> here= . See our FAQ if you still have questions!


Some examples of poster prop= osals could be:

    An initial investigation with insufficient statistical power into mobil= e money use in a marginalized community.

  • The current s= tate of a specific dissertation project seeking feedback and guidance.

  • A notable negative result worth discussing with the commun= ity.

Important dates

March 30, 2018: Deadline for submission= of poster proposals.

April 13, 2018: Notification of decisions on submitte= d poster proposals.

May 4, 2018: Camera-ready of accepted poster proposals.=

All submission are due 11:59 pm UTC.


--001a114e60b8d79a1d0566a32010-- From nobody Thu Mar 8 13:05:59 2018 Return-Path: X-Original-To: gaia@ietfa.amsl.com Delivered-To: gaia@ietfa.amsl.com Received: from localhost (localhost [127.0.0.1]) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTP id 19CE91271DF for ; Thu, 8 Mar 2018 13:05:58 -0800 (PST) X-Virus-Scanned: amavisd-new at amsl.com X-Spam-Flag: NO X-Spam-Score: -2.019 X-Spam-Level: X-Spam-Status: No, score=-2.019 tagged_above=-999 required=5 tests=[BAYES_00=-1.9, DKIM_SIGNED=0.1, DKIM_VALID=-0.1, DKIM_VALID_AU=-0.1, HTML_MESSAGE=0.001, MIME_QP_LONG_LINE=0.001, RCVD_IN_DNSWL_NONE=-0.0001, RCVD_IN_MSPIKE_H4=-0.01, RCVD_IN_MSPIKE_WL=-0.01, SPF_PASS=-0.001] autolearn=ham autolearn_force=no Authentication-Results: ietfa.amsl.com (amavisd-new); dkim=pass (1024-bit key) header.d=isoc.org Received: from mail.ietf.org ([4.31.198.44]) by localhost (ietfa.amsl.com [127.0.0.1]) (amavisd-new, port 10024) with ESMTP id LLS6Xmy6ECku for ; Thu, 8 Mar 2018 13:05:54 -0800 (PST) Received: from NAM02-BL2-obe.outbound.protection.outlook.com (mail-bl2nam02on0089.outbound.protection.outlook.com [104.47.38.89]) (using TLSv1.2 with cipher ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384 (256/256 bits)) (No client certificate requested) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTPS id A0AE5126B6D for ; 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protocol="application/pkcs7-signature"; micalg=sha256; boundary="B_3603370847_726636926" MIME-Version: 1.0 X-OriginatorOrg: isoc.org X-MS-Exchange-CrossTenant-Network-Message-Id: 93f68930-378f-4833-99ca-08d585385e85 X-MS-Exchange-CrossTenant-originalarrivaltime: 08 Mar 2018 21:05:49.2332 (UTC) X-MS-Exchange-CrossTenant-fromentityheader: Hosted X-MS-Exchange-CrossTenant-id: 89f84dfb-7285-4810-bc4d-8b9b5794554f X-MS-Exchange-Transport-CrossTenantHeadersStamped: SN1PR0601MB1677 Archived-At: Subject: [gaia] Online NewComers Session pre IETF 101 X-BeenThere: gaia@irtf.org X-Mailman-Version: 2.1.22 Precedence: list List-Id: Global Access to the Internet for All List-Unsubscribe: , List-Archive: List-Post: List-Help: List-Subscribe: , X-List-Received-Date: Thu, 08 Mar 2018 21:05:58 -0000 --B_3603370847_726636926 Content-type: multipart/alternative; boundary="B_3603370847_123683337" --B_3603370847_123683337 Content-type: text/plain; charset="UTF-8" Content-transfer-encoding: quoted-printable Hi All=20 Following on Leandro=E2=80=99s mail! =20 As IETF 101 approaches, we wanted to make you aware that there is a pre-IET= F =E2=80=9Cnew-comers=E2=80=9D session. See data below. =20 And, final speakers line-up for GAIA coming soon. =20 Last =E2=80=93 there is a 1-day free- pass for academia.=C2=A0 We are checking to see= if the IAB Plenary on Wednesday evening also could be opened up so that fol= ks can attend the Tech Plenary and GAIA the next day. =20 Data is here re the free passes:=C2=A0 https://www.ietf.org/how/meetings/101/gu= est-day/ =20 =20 Jane ************************ This is a reminder that we are offering a Newcomer=E2=80=99s Webinar for new atte= ndees who want to learn a bit more about the IETF before attending IETF 101.= We will provide a brief overview of how to prepare for the meeting week and= , more importantly, we will give you the opportunity to ask any of the quest= ions you may have. =20 Two sessions will be offered: =20 =E2=80=A2 March 12 at 1500 UTC (8 AM PDT / 11 AM EDT / 4 PM CET /= midnight JST) =20 =E2=80=A2 March 13 at 1100 UTC (4 AM PDT / 7 AM EDT / 12 noon CET= / 8:00 PM JST) =20 These sessions will use Meetecho, the tool used for remote participation at= IETF meetings. If you have not used Meetecho before, you are encouraged to = review participation information before joining your first session. Learn mo= re, and join either session, at: https://ietf101.conf.meetecho.com/index.php= /Newcomers_webinar =20 More resources for newcomers can be found on the IETF website at https://ww= w.ietf.org/how/meetings/101/newcomers/. =20 Regards, Alexa _______________________________________________ 101-newcomers mailing list 101-newcomers@ietf.org https://www.ietf.org/mailman/listinfo/101-newcomers =20 Internet Society | www.internetsociety.org Skype: janercoffin Mobile/WhatsApp: +1.202.247.8429 =20 =20 =20 Internet Society | www.internetsociety.org Skype: janercoffin Mobile/WhatsApp: +1.202.247.8429 From: gaia on behalf of Leandro Navarro Date: Sunday, March 4, 2018 at 2:54 PM To: "gaia@irtf.org" Subject: [gaia] Two upcoming meetings: Online meet up + IETF101 =20 Dear all, announcement of two upcoming meetings: =20 1. GAIA =E2=80=93 Online Meet up: 13, 14, 15 March at 11 UTC (less than 1 hour du= ration) For those in Asia that we could take a call also at 2300 UTC or 0100= UTC If you want to join, add your name and time preferences here (before Wednes= day 7 noon UTC)? https://doodle.com/poll/2kcveznht85u8y3w We could share news and discuss ideas for a new WG document on best current= practices: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Best_current_practice Let me and J= ane off-list of any suggestion. =20 2. GAIA @IETF 101 in London https://datatracker.ietf.org/meeting/agenda/ a= nd https://datatracker.ietf.org/group/gaia/meetings/=20 We are scheduled for GAIA on Thu 2018-03-22 13:30 Jane will send soon the list of presentations that fit in the session, base= d on proposals she received (priority for new speakers). We hope to meet som= e of you there. =20 There are Day Passes for Academic or GAIA Speakers: https://www.ietf.org/ho= w/meetings/101/guest-day/=20 You can also participate remotely: https://www.ietf.org/how/meetings/101/re= mote/=20 =20 Kind regards, =20 Jane & Leandro. -- Leandro Navarro http://people.ac.upc.edu/leandro http://dsg.ac.upc.edu =20 --B_3603370847_123683337 Content-type: text/html; charset="UTF-8" Content-transfer-encoding: quoted-printable

Hi All <= /span>

Foll= owing on Leandro=E2=80=99s mail!=

 <= /span>

As I= ETF 101 approaches, we wanted to make you aware that there is a pre-IETF =E2=80=9C= new-comers=E2=80=9D session.  See data below.

 

And, final speakers line-up for GAIA coming soon.

=  

Last =E2=80=93 there is a 1-day free- pass for academia.=C2=A0 We are checkin= g to see if the IAB Plenary on Wednesday evening also could be opened up so = that folks can attend the Tech Plenary and GAIA the next day.

&n= bsp;

Data is here re the free passes:=C2=A0 https://www.ietf.org/how/meetings/101/guest-day/=

 

 =

Jane<= /p>

***********= *************

This = is a reminder that we are offering a Newcomer=E2=80=99s Webinar for new attendees = who want to learn a bit more about the IETF before attending IETF 101. We wi= ll provide a brief overview of how to prepare for the meeting week and, more= importantly, we will give you the opportunity to ask any of the questions y= ou may have.

 =

Two sessions will = be offered:

 <= /span>

   &= nbsp;            =E2=80=A2 = March 12 at 1500 UTC (8 AM PDT / 11 AM EDT / 4 PM CET / midnight JST)=

 

      &= nbsp;         =E2=80=A2 March 13 at 1100 U= TC (4 AM PDT / 7 AM EDT / 12 noon CET / 8:00 PM JST)

 

These sessions will use Meetecho, the tool used for re= mote participation at IETF meetings. If you have not used Meetecho before, y= ou are encouraged to review participation information before joining your fi= rst session. Learn more, and join either session, at: https://ietf101.conf.meetecho.com/index.php/Newcomers_webinar<= /a>

<= p class=3DMsoNormal> 

More resources for newcomer= s can be found on the IETF website at https://www.ietf.org/h= ow/meetings/101/newcomers/.

 =

Regards,

Al= exa

<= p class=3DMsoNormal>_______________= ________________________________

101-newcomers mailing list

101-newcomers@ietf.org

https://www.ietf.org/mailman/list= info/101-newcomers

 

I= nternet Society | www.internetsociety.org

Skype:  janercoffin

Mobile/WhatsApp:  +1.202.247.8429

 

 

&= nbsp;

Internet Society | www.internetsociety.org

Sk= ype:  janercoffin

<= span style=3D'font-size:10.5pt;color:black'>Mobile/WhatsApp:  +1.202.247.= 8429

From: = gaia <gaia-bounces@irtf.org>= ; on behalf of Leandro Navarro <leandro@ac.upc.edu>
Date: Su= nday, March 4, 2018 at 2:54 PM
To: "gaia@irtf.org" <g= aia@irtf.org>
Subject: [gaia] Two upcoming meetings: Online mee= t up + IETF101

 = ;

 =

1. GAIA =E2=80=93 Online Meet up: 13, 14, 15 March at 11 UTC (less than = 1 hour duration) For those in Asia that we could take a call also at 2300&nb= sp;UTC or 0100 UTC

If you want to join, add your name an= d time preferences here (before Wednesday 7 noon UTC)? https://doodle.com/poll/2kcveznht85u8y3w

We could share news and discuss ideas for a new = WG document on best current practices: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Best_current_practice Let me and Jane off-list of any suggestion.
 
2. &n= bsp;GAIA @IETF 101 in London 
https://dat= atracker.ietf.org/meeting/agenda/ and&n= bsp;https://datatracker.ietf.org/group/g= aia/meetings/=  

We a= re scheduled for GAIA on Thu 2018-03-22 13:30
Jane will send so= on the list of presentations that fit in the session, based on proposals she= received (priority for new speakers). We hope to meet some of you there.

 

There are Day Passes for Academic or = GAIA Speakers: https://www.ietf.org/= how/meetings/101/guest-day/ =

You can also participate remotely: https://www.ietf.org/how/meetings/101/remote/ 

 

Kind regards,

 

Jane & Leandro.=

--
Leandro Navarro
http://people.ac.upc.edu/leandro=

<= span style=3D'color:black'> http://dsg.ac.upc.edu

 

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06:26:09 -0800 (PST) DKIM-Signature: v=1; a=rsa-sha256; c=relaxed/relaxed; d=gmail.com; s=20161025; h=mime-version:sender:from:date:message-id:subject:to:cc; bh=/SC9oou6iIOe17/Ii61vck24296qr3rQ368kmkY2IzM=; b=pQdDSV1kRcJ2/b3Yh+gjjKVg6Vsj9cJVsX0bZGoM4k10Mtp8yXsJpoyMNWUfyM0Wta AYV7yCo/JTjY7WNYW9DZV8s5rLnA1OBirWMKDNA8YZFLFHugXVub1PzY2ZXNBmmfN6iV mZVjNcqBau5ZCJY459gKKQSzQaa3arCc9RXpUJ1H0X38KeeTbJ9SEgW+ua+zoTTzoOoq IgwrQOCAh5BP3eIxpAQJbZM1on2qIlI6jqpEnG5UFPp1EbwSRKYDw2pptRrHqH1af2vs AJ985pzldV7MnXSr6PCJpAStXtpDsFigY9kD3mdaMnf10YU8Y6r6LQOKXs/u3xTS+vxS SAzw== X-Google-DKIM-Signature: v=1; a=rsa-sha256; c=relaxed/relaxed; d=1e100.net; s=20161025; h=x-gm-message-state:mime-version:sender:from:date:message-id:subject :to:cc; bh=/SC9oou6iIOe17/Ii61vck24296qr3rQ368kmkY2IzM=; b=XBX5ktcsfVwBALKk53d31OVYbZ2ArkSZmDHQlcGpTXPvU6V4epJKOIy85e1i4rDJo6 uev7sTmGdFwxDapb9yZ3qSQxSG5pPw52TvxNNXP7SWAlx0G/AIYK6KriPBpNrzZnYGjd Hg7CLNnD+RS6YH0ulIiXngf9ONPemSl7msyKI/4DoxvSnE8PceES1KAV0hfWaRx54F58 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List-Unsubscribe: , List-Archive: List-Post: List-Help: List-Subscribe: , X-List-Received-Date: Fri, 09 Mar 2018 14:26:11 -0000 --001a1143c17ab9c9150566fb9298 Content-Type: text/plain; charset="UTF-8" Hi all, Some of you may be familiar with Richard Thanki's excellent work on the economic value of unlicensed spectrum. In case not, I include a couple of links below. I recently discovered he is putting his money where his pen is with a new WiFi-based initiative called Jangala aimed at humanitarian relief. Knowing Richard, it is bound to be interesting. You can find out more at https://janga.la/ Cheers... Steve Song The economic value generated by current and future allocations of unlicensed spectrum (2009) https://ecfsapi.fcc.gov/file/7020039036.pdf The Economic Significance of Licence-Exempt Spectrum to the Future of the Internet (2012) https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/research/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/spectrum-economic-significance-of-license-exempt-spectrum-report_thanki.pdf -- +1 902 529 0046 stevesong@nsrc.org http://nsrc.org --001a1143c17ab9c9150566fb9298 Content-Type: text/html; charset="UTF-8" Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable
Hi all,

Some of you may be familiar with Richa= rd Thanki's excellent work on the economic value of unlicensed spectrum= .=C2=A0 In case not, I include a couple of links below.

I recently d= iscovered he is putting his money where his pen is with a new WiFi-based in= itiative called Jangala aimed at humanitarian relief.=C2=A0 Knowing Richard= , it is bound to be interesting.=C2=A0 You can find out more at https://janga.la/

Cheers... Steve Song<= br>
The economic value generated by current and future allocations of un= licensed spectrum (2009)
https://ecfsapi.fcc.gov/file/7020039036.pdf

The Economi= c Significance of Licence-Exempt Spectrum to the Future of the Internet (20= 12)
https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/research/wp-content/uploads/20= 16/02/spectrum-economic-significance-of-license-exempt-spectrum-report_than= ki.pdf
--001a1143c17ab9c9150566fb9298-- From nobody Mon Mar 19 09:00:28 2018 Return-Path: X-Original-To: gaia@ietfa.amsl.com Delivered-To: gaia@ietfa.amsl.com Received: from localhost (localhost [127.0.0.1]) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTP id E9F0212D80E for ; Mon, 19 Mar 2018 09:00:26 -0700 (PDT) X-Virus-Scanned: amavisd-new at amsl.com X-Spam-Flag: NO X-Spam-Score: -0.91 X-Spam-Level: X-Spam-Status: No, score=-0.91 tagged_above=-999 required=5 tests=[BAYES_00=-1.9, GB_AFFORDABLE=1, HTML_MESSAGE=0.001, RCVD_IN_DNSWL_NONE=-0.0001, RCVD_IN_MSPIKE_H2=-0.001, SPF_PASS=-0.001, T_RP_MATCHES_RCVD=-0.01, URIBL_BLOCKED=0.001] autolearn=no autolearn_force=no Received: from mail.ietf.org ([4.31.198.44]) by localhost (ietfa.amsl.com [127.0.0.1]) (amavisd-new, port 10024) with ESMTP id 8FooXXHy8eZR for ; Mon, 19 Mar 2018 09:00:20 -0700 (PDT) Received: from DC6005.fgv.br (dc6005.fgv.br [189.125.96.248]) (using TLSv1 with cipher ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA (256/256 bits)) (No client certificate requested) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTPS id 8DE1612D873 for ; Mon, 19 Mar 2018 09:00:19 -0700 (PDT) Received: from DC6010.fgv.br ([fe80::150d:d380:2368:fdde]) by DC6005.fgv.br ([fe80::49ea:3145:6c36:ce94%15]) with mapi id 14.03.0382.000; Mon, 19 Mar 2018 13:00:16 -0300 From: Luca Belli To: "gaia@irtf.org" Thread-Topic: Network Self-determination Thread-Index: AdO/m11EtBK3v36oSd61EsBRWG1IUQ== Date: Mon, 19 Mar 2018 16:00:15 +0000 Message-ID: <4B6296ABAE1FC944984F6C9FE996FE19015424DC4E@DC6010.fgv.br> Accept-Language: pt-BR, en-US Content-Language: pt-BR X-MS-Has-Attach: X-MS-TNEF-Correlator: x-originating-ip: [10.20.52.69] Content-Type: multipart/alternative; boundary="_000_4B6296ABAE1FC944984F6C9FE996FE19015424DC4EDC6010fgvbr_" MIME-Version: 1.0 Archived-At: Subject: [gaia] Network Self-determination X-BeenThere: gaia@irtf.org X-Mailman-Version: 2.1.22 Precedence: list List-Id: Global Access to the Internet for All List-Unsubscribe: , List-Archive: List-Post: List-Help: List-Subscribe: , X-List-Received-Date: Mon, 19 Mar 2018 16:00:27 -0000 --_000_4B6296ABAE1FC944984F6C9FE996FE19015424DC4EDC6010fgvbr_ Content-Type: text/plain; charset="iso-8859-1" Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Dear GAIA members, In case you will be at IETF 101, I would like to invite you to my presentat= ion on Network Self-determination, on Thursday afternoon at 15:50 at the HR= PC session, as I think this might be of your interest. Below the draft of the article that will be published on the IETF journal, = next week, to provide a brief introduction to the concept. The draft is ba= sed on my paper on network self-determination (that is part of this book on Community Netw= orks) and cites = many initiatives developed by GAIA members over the past years. Any feedback - possibly, before next week - is more than welcome and will b= e acknowledged in the final version. Hope to see some of you on Thursday Kind regards Luca De: Luca Belli Enviada em: sexta-feira, 16 de mar=E7o de 2018 18:49 Para: 'Hrpc' >; 'Niels ten Oever' > Cc: 'Matthew Ford' >; 'Mallory Knodel' = > Assunto: Intro to Network Self-determination Dear all, I have drafted a post as an introduction to my presentation on Network Self= -determination (at the bottom of this email). Should you be interested in providing your feedback on this DRAFT, feel fre= e to reply to this email or to use the Etherpad or Googledoc below. Googledoc here https://docs.google.com/document/d/15eHsqEC_gQip6NBTIpF-aMyg= 0DgVXxinr2wdYxhxTXQ/edit# Etherpad here https://public.etherpad-mozilla.org/p/NetworkSelf-determinat= ion Feedback through live interactions during or after the presentation are als= o highly appreciated :) The consolidated draft of the article will be published in the IETF Journal= , right after IETF 101. Obviously, all people having provided feedback wil= l be duly acknowledged. Many thanks and kind regards Luca NONFINAL DRAFT Network Self-determination: When building the Internet becomes a right Luca Belli Anyone reading this article would agree that the Internet and ICTs play an = increasingly essential role in every connected individual's life. The acces= sibility and well-functioning of network infrastructure at affordable and n= on-discriminatory conditions facilitate significantly the full enjoyment of= one's fundamental rights, as Internet users can easily access knowledge an= d education, conduct businesses by trading goods and services online, and u= tilize digitized public services, spanning from tax-paying to applying for = public schools or receiving remote medical consultations via e-health. As connected individuals, we can safely state that the Internet has become = integral part of our lives and our environment, affecting substantially how= we form our opinions, how we socialize and learn and, ultimately, what opp= ortunities we are able to grasp over the course of our lives. But what abou= t the unconnected? The current digital (r)evolution can also deepen divides in our societies, = due to the uneven distribution of digital dividends between those for which= connectivity is available and easily affordable and those who are either u= nconnected or face considerable challenges to connect.[1] This article briefly explores how groups of unconnected and scarcely connec= ted individuals can regain control over their digital futures, building the= ir own community networks and enjoying what I define as "Network Self-deter= mination."[2] I argue that Network Self-determination leads to several posi= tive externalities for the affected communities while preserving the Intern= et as a decentralized, interoperable and generative network of networks. In this perspective, concrete examples of communities enjoying Network Self= -determination seem to prove that "the design and development of the Intern= et infrastructure have a growing impact on society"[3] and can construct a = digital environment that enables human rights. Mainstream networks are not so mainstream In almost every country in the world, Internet connectivity predominantly r= elies on the existence of network infrastructure built and managed by for-p= rofit operators. Such infrastructure is primarily composed of "mainstream n= etworks," which are those networks that RFC 7962[4] characterizes as contro= lled in a top-down fashion by the operators; spanning large areas; requirin= g a substantial investment to be built and maintained; and not foreseeing t= he possibility for users to participate in the network's governance. Not surprisingly, mainstream networks are mainly deployed and operationaliz= ed in densely populated areas, where return on investments can be quite fas= t and straightforward, due to the high demand of connectivity by thousands = - or millions - of city dwellers. The situation, however, is not the same i= n rural areas or in the peripheries of major metropolises, where the scarce= density and lower standards of living cannot guarantee immediate and suffi= cient return on investment for operators. In rural and peripheral areas, which are home to the 48% of the world popul= ation that is currently unconnected,[5] the sole reliance on mainstream net= works does not prove to be an effective strategy to expand connectivity. In= deed, the prospect of a missed return on investment discourages development= of infrastructure, leading to lack of coverage or to such high prices and = low quality of service that potential or existing users might be discourage= d from subscribing to available Internet-access offerings. In such context,= several studies have pointed out that the lack of competition can make Int= ernet-access offerings so prohibitively expensive that locals need to sacri= fice food to afford communications.[6] Most importantly, individuals living in unconnected or scarcely connected a= reas may rightfully fail to see the appeal of Internet access because any s= ervices or content that would improve their welfare - such as local governm= ent services, information and educational material in local languages and p= latforms making available local products and services - are not available o= nline. Do-It-Yourself Internet Despite the above scenario, many individuals living in unconnected or scarc= ely connected communities have realized that Internet connectivity is a vec= tor for many economic, social and cultural opportunities and have taken act= ion to stop being digitally-marginalized, due to market failures and ineffi= cient public policies, and start building their own community networks, to = become the protagonists of their digital futures. Concretely, such reasoning has become possible thanks to the steady reducti= on in infrastructure costs - particularly, regarding bandwidth and network = equipment - that, over the past decade, has facilitated the deployment of c= ommunity networks with reasonably low investments. Community networks are crowdsourced initiatives. Described by RFC 7962 as "= alternative networks," they are "networks that do not share the characteris= tics of mainstream network deployments." On the contrary, community network= s are better characterized by the fact that they are developed in a bottom-= up fashion, in order to be utilized and managed by the local community as c= ommons. As stressed by the Declaration on Community Connectivity[7] these n= etworks are "structured to be open, free, and to respect network neutrality= . Such networks rely on the active participation of local communities in th= e design, development, deployment, and management of shared infrastructure = as a common resource, owned by the community, and operated in a democratic = fashion." Besides representing a viable solution to the limits of mainstream networks= , community networks also ensure that Internet traffic is managed with no c= ommercially motivated discrimination, thus respecting net neutrality[8] by = default. Indeed, all network users are partners in the provision of connect= ivity and in the development of services for the local community, thus maki= ng it much more difficult that the provider - which is the community itself= - discriminate content, applications or services based on commercial consi= derations. These initiatives demonstrate that connectivity, openness, free choice and = full enjoyment of fundamental rights are not amenities reserved to opulent = city-dwellers but basic needs to which everyone is entitled and that everyo= ne can and must enjoy. Moreover, they prove that "connectivity increases th= e capacity for individuals to exercise their rights."[9] When the last mile becomes the first mile Community networking evidences that, in many circumstances, the unconnected= can connect themselves, as longs as they have information on how to build[= 10] their network infrastructure and the freedom to choose this option. It is precisely in such perspective that an ample range of community networ= ks emerged in many diverse countries, going from the UK to Argentina and from Brazil to Spain. Broadband for the Rural North, or B4RN, which is pronounced "barn," was ini= tiated in 2011 by a group of farmers and a hairdresser in Lancashire, U.K.,= who decided to overcome the lack of connectivity by starting self-installi= ng fibre. Today the B4RN network connects 40 parishes and provides speeds a= s high as 1 gigabit per second. The NGO AlterMundi,[11] which is behind QuintanaLibre, a community network = in the Argentinian province of C=F3rdoba, prides itself on having successfu= lly developed a "geek-free" model to overcome the main challenges posed by = rural environments, the scarcity of engineers and reduced incomes, by devel= oping an easy to implement and cost-efficient network technology. Important= ly, the availability of connectivity has stimulated the development of seve= ral applications by the locals for the locals, including an information por= tal, a chat service, a VoIP server, community radio streaming, a file shari= ng system and gaming applications. The AlterMundi-affiliated networks also provide Internet access to three sc= hools, giving students the opportunity to access online resources. Similarl= y, the Brazilian NGO Coolab[12] provides connectivity and ICT training to d= ozen children through the Casa dos Meninos project while connecting and ent= ire village via the Fuma=E7a community network, in the Rio de Janeiro state= . The most successful example is Guifi.net that, besides being the biggest an= d the most populated community network in the world with over 85,000 users,= is particularly outstanding for its common-pool-resource philosophy that f= avors the establishment of "a disruptive economic model based on the common= s model and the collaborative economy,"[13] encouraging small, local entran= ts to develop new applications and to extend the network themselves.[14] In= deed, Guifi.net members have generated a variety of services[15], amongst w= hich VoIP servers, IRC servers, videoconference and mail servers and broadc= ast radios. Importantly, besides expanding the Internet and promoting innovation in a d= ecentralized fashion, community networks like Guifi.net have created dozens= of new jobs related to network maintenance and entirely new digital ecosys= tems. Indeed community networking generally features capacity-building prog= rams for locals to acquire the skills they need to be developers, creators = and online entrepreneurs. In this perspective, community networks, built by the people for the people= ,[16] should not be considered as the last mile of the Internet but rather = as the first mile, for they have a vital role in maximizing the generative = nature of the Internet, decentralizing innovation and empowering the unconn= ected. Network Self-determination Examples of community networks show that these initiatives nurture the deve= lopment of community-tailored services, stimulating new opportunities for l= earning, trading and employment for locals. Hence, these initiatives provide a sound evidence base on which a right to = "Network Self-determination" can be constructed. I propose the concept of N= etwork Self-determination as the right to freely associate to define, in a = democratic fashion, the design, development and management of network infra= structure as a common good, in order to freely seek, impart and receive inf= ormation and innovation. While community networking proves that Network Self-determination already e= xists de facto even without being explicitly consecrated de jure, it is imp= ortant to stress that this concept is also solidly grounded in Internationa= l human rights law. The first article of both the Charter of the United Nations and the two Int= ernational Covenants of Human Rights decisively affirm that, by virtue of t= he fundamental right to self-determination, all peoples are free to pursue = their economic, social and cultural development as well as self-organizatio= n. According to both Articles 1(3) of both Covenants, all states have an ob= ligation "to promote the realization of the right to self-determination," w= hich is considered the collective right of a given community to determine i= ts own destiny. Community networks foster Network Self-determination, for they allow indivi= duals to decide independently how to pursue their economic, social and cult= ural development, choosing which kind of technology, applications and conte= nt are best suited to meet the needs of the local community and using and d= eveloping them at the local level, in a quintessentially distributed fashio= n. The goal of community networking is indeed to empower individuals who wi= ll become new, active participants in the Internet, thus enjoying the benef= its of connectivity while contributing to the evolution the network of netw= orks as "a large, varied and evolving space of technology."[17] Rights, as technologies, are the product of history The enjoyment of Network Self-determination through the development of comm= unity networks can prompt several positive externalities, thus fostering a = decentralised Internet and allowing previously unconnected or scarcely conn= ected individuals to access knowledge and education, create new application= s and find occupations, having access to the entire spectrum of opportuniti= es to which any individual should be entitled. Enthusiasm and optimism regarding community networking should be tempered w= ith a good dose of pragmatism, though. Indeed, alternative networks should = be seen as a valuable complement to existing approaches rather than a silve= r bullet that can solve all connectivity problems. Community networks requi= re sound planning and good governance to be successful and face many techni= cal and policy obstacles over their path. In this perspective, the IETF com= munity should consider that Internet standards are vital to allow the estab= lishment, interoperability and, potentially, the federation of community ne= tworks. There is no doubt that Network Self-determination reinforces the distribute= d nature of the Internet and there is no reason why individuals should not = have the possibility to build the Internet themselves, improving their stan= dards of living while bridging digital divides. Communities around the globe are discovering they have the potential to cre= ate alternative networks and many of them are already doing so. As the Ital= ian philosopher Norberto Bobbio famously argued, human rights are the produ= ct of historical evolutions.[18] In this spirit, everyone should be free to= enjoy Network Self-determination, associating and building a new piece of = the Internet. [1] See http://www.worldbank.org/en/publication/wdr2016 [2] See Belli L. (2017). Network Self-Determination and the Positive Extern= alities of Community Networks. http://bibliotecadigital.fgv.br/dspace/handl= e/10438/19924 [3] See RFC 8280 https://trac.tools.ietf.org/html/rfc8280#page-40 [4] See https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc7962.txt [5] See https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Documents/facts/ICTFactsFig= ures2017.pdf [6] See e.g. Rey-Moreno, C., Blignaut, R., May, J., & Tucker, W. D. (2016).= An in-depth study of the ICT ecosystem in a South African rural community:= unveiling expenditure and communication patterns. Information Technology = for Development Vol. 22 (sup 1). Pp 101-120. http://doi.org/10.1080/026811= 02.2016.1155145 [7] See Declaration on Community Connectivity http://communityconnectivity.= xyz/ [8] See http://www.networkneutrality.info/ [9] See RFC 8280 https://trac.tools.ietf.org/html/rfc8280#page-40 [10] See https://commotionwireless.net/docs/cck/ [11] See http://altermundi.net/ [12] See http://www.coolab.org/quem-somos/ [13] See https://guifi.net/en/what_is_guifinet [14] See Baig, R., Roca, R., Freitag, F., Navarro L. (2015). Guifi.net, a C= rowdsourced Network Infrastructure Held in Common. In Computer Networks. N= =B0 90. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.comnet.2015.07.009 [15] A complete list of services developed by the Guifi.net community can b= e found at https://guifi.net/en/node/3671/view/services [16] See Belli L. (Ed.) (2017). Community networks: the Internet by the peo= ple, for the people. Official Outcome of the UN IGF Dynamic Coalition on Co= mmunity Connectivity. FGV Direito Rio. http://bibliotecadigital.fgv.br/dspa= ce/handle/10438/19401 [17] See RFC 1958 https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc1958 [18] See Bobbio N. (1990). L'et=E0 dei diritti. [FGV Direito Rio] Luca Belli, PhD Senior Researcher Head of Internet Governance @ FGV luca.belli@fgv.br +55 21 3799 5763 @1lucabelli [http://www.fgv.br/mailing/Direito_Rio/assinatura_email/Ondas.png] ________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ [1] See http://www.worldbank.org/en/publication/wdr2016 [2] See Belli L. (2017). Network Self-Determination and the Positive Extern= alities of Community Networks. http://bibliotecadigital.fgv.br/dspace/handl= e/10438/19924 [3] See RFC 8280 https://trac.tools.ietf.org/html/rfc8280#page-40 [4] See https://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc7962.txt [5] See https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Documents/facts/ICTFactsFig= ures2017.pdf [6] See e.g. Rey-Moreno, C., Blignaut, R., May, J., & Tucker, W. D. (2016).= An in-depth study of the ICT ecosystem in a South African rural community:= unveiling expenditure and communication patterns. Information Technology = for Development Vol. 22 (sup 1). Pp 101-120. http://doi.org/10.1080/026811= 02.2016.1155145 [7] See Declaration on Community Connectivity http://communityconnectivity.= xyz/ [8] See http://www.networkneutrality.info/ [9] See RFC 8280 https://trac.tools.ietf.org/html/rfc8280#page-40 [10] See https://commotionwireless.net/docs/cck/ [11] See http://altermundi.net/ [12] See http://www.coolab.org/quem-somos/ [13] See https://guifi.net/en/what_is_guifinet [14] See Baig, R., Roca, R., Freitag, F., Navarro L. (2015). Guifi.net, a C= rowdsourced Network Infrastructure Held in Common. In Computer Networks. N= =B0 90. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.comnet.2015.07.009 [15] A complete list of services developed by the Guifi.net community can b= e found at https://guifi.net/en/node/3671/view/services [16] See Belli L. (Ed.) (2017). Community networks: the Internet by the peo= ple, for the people. Official Outcome of the UN IGF Dynamic Coalition on Co= mmunity Connectivity. FGV Direito Rio. http://bibliotecadigital.fgv.br/dspa= ce/handle/10438/19401 [17] See RFC 1958 https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc1958 [18] See Bobbio N. (1990). L'et=E0 dei diritti. --_000_4B6296ABAE1FC944984F6C9FE996FE19015424DC4EDC6010fgvbr_ Content-Type: text/html; charset="iso-8859-1" Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable

Dear GA= IA members,

&n= bsp;

In case= you will be at IETF 101, I would like to invite you to my presentation on = Network Self-determination, on Thursday afternoon at 15:50 at the HRPC sess= ion, as I think this might be of your interest.

&n= bsp;

Below t= he draft of the article that will be published on the IETF journal, next we= ek, to provide a brief introduction to the concept.  The draft is base= d on my pape= r on network self-determination (that is part of this book = on Community Networks) and cites many initiatives developed by GAIA mem= bers over the past years.

&n= bsp;

Any fee= dback – possibly, before next week – is more than welcome and w= ill be acknowledged in the final version.

&n= bsp;

Hope to= see some of you on Thursday

Kind re= gards

&n= bsp;

Luca

&n= bsp;

De: Luca Belli
Enviada em: sexta-feira, 16 de mar=E7o de 2018 18:49
Para: 'Hrpc' <hrpc@irtf.org&= gt;; 'Niels ten Oever' <mail@n= ielstenoever.net>
Cc: 'Matthew Ford' <ford@isoc.or= g>; 'Mallory Knodel' <ma= llory@article19.org>
Assunto: Intro to Network Self-determination

 

Dear all,

 

I have drafted a post as an int= roduction to my presentation on Network Self-determination (at the bottom o= f this email).

Should you be interested in pro= viding your feedback on this DRAFT, feel free to reply to this email or to = use the Etherpad or Googledoc below.

 

Googledoc here https://docs.google.com/document/d/15eHsqEC_gQip6NBTIpF-aMyg0DgVXxinr2wdYxh= xTXQ/edit#

Etherpad here  <= a href=3D"https://public.etherpad-mozilla.org/p/NetworkSelf-determination">= https://public.etherpad-mozilla.org/p/NetworkSelf-dete= rmination  

 

Feedback through live interacti= ons during or after the presentation are also highly appreciated J

 

The consolidated draft of the a= rticle will be published in the IETF Journal, right after IETF 101.  O= bviously, all people having provided feedback will be duly acknowledged.

 

Many thanks and kind regards

Luca

 

 

 

NONFINAL DRAFT

Network Self-determination:

When building the Internet beco= mes a right

Luca Belli

&= nbsp; 

Anyone reading this article wou= ld agree that the Internet and ICTs play an increasingly essential role in = every connected individual’s life. The accessibility and well-functi= oning of network infrastructure at affordable and non-discriminatory condit= ions facilitate significantly the full enjoyment of one’s fundamental= rights, as Internet users can easily access knowledge and education, conduct businesses by trading goods and services = online, and utilize digitized public services, spanning from tax-paying to = applying for public schools or receiving remote medical consultations via e= -health.

 

As connected individuals, we ca= n safely state that the Internet has become integral part of our lives and = our environment, affecting substantially how we form our opinions, how we s= ocialize and learn and, ultimately, what opportunities we are able to grasp over the course of our lives. But = what about the unconnected?

 

The current digital (r)evolutio= n can also deepen divides in our societies, due to the uneven distribution = of digital dividends between those for which connectivity is available and = easily affordable and those who are either unconnected or face considerable challenges to connect.[1]

 

This article briefly explores h= ow groups of unconnected and scarcely connected individuals can regain cont= rol over their digital futures, building their own community networks and e= njoying what I define as “Network Self-determination.”[2] I argue that Network Self-determination leads to several positive external= ities for the affected communities while preserving the Internet as a decen= tralized, interoperable and generative network of networks.

 

In this perspective, concrete e= xamples of communities enjoying Network Self-determination seem to prove th= at “the design and development of the Internet infrastructure have a = growing impact on society”[3= ] and can construct a digital environment that enables human rights.  <= o:p>

 

M= ainstream networks are not so mainstream

In almost every country in the = world, Internet connectivity predominantly relies on the existence of netwo= rk infrastructure built and managed by for-profit operators. Such infrastru= cture is primarily composed of “mainstream networks,” which are those networks that RFC 7962[4] characterizes as controlled in a top-down fashion by t= he operators; spanning large areas; requiring a substantial investment to b= e built and maintained; and not foreseeing the possibility for users to par= ticipate in the network’s governance.

 

Not surprisingly, mainstream ne= tworks are mainly deployed and operationalized in densely populated areas, = where return on investments can be quite fast and straightforward, due to t= he high demand of connectivity by thousands – or millions – of city dwellers. The situation, however, is n= ot the same in rural areas or in the peripheries of major metropolises, whe= re the scarce density and lower standards of living cannot guarantee immedi= ate and sufficient return on investment for operators.

 

In= rural and peripheral areas, which are home to the 48% of the world populat= ion that is currently unconnected,[5] the sole reliance on mainstream networks does not prove to be an effective= strategy to expand connectivity. Indeed, the prospect of a missed return o= n investment discourages development of infrastructure, leading to lack of = coverage or to such high prices and low quality of service that potential or existing users might be disco= uraged from subscribing to available Internet-access offerings. In such con= text, several studies have pointed out that the lack of competition can mak= e Internet-access offerings so prohibitively expensive that locals need to sacrifice food to afford communications.[6]

 

Mo= st importantly, individuals living in unconnected or scarcely connected are= as may rightfully fail to see the appeal of Internet access because any ser= vices or content that would improve their welfare – such as local government services, information and educati= onal material in local languages and platforms making available local produ= cts and services – are not available online.

 

 

Do-It-Yourself Internet 

De= spite the above scenario, many individuals living in unconnected or scarcely connected communities have realized that Internet connectiv= ity is a vector for many economic, social and cultural opportunities and ha= ve taken action to stop being digitally-marginalized, due to market failure= s and inefficient public policies, and start building their own community networks, to become the protagonist= s of their digital futures.

 

Co= ncretely, such reasoning has become possible thanks to the steady reduction= in infrastructure costs – particularly, regarding bandwidth and netw= ork equipment – that, over the past decade, has facilitated the deployment of community networks with reasonably low i= nvestments.

 

Community networks are crowdsou= rced initiatives. Described by RFC 7962 as “alternative networks,R= 21; they are “networks that do not share the characteristics of mains= tream network deployments.” On the contrary, community networks are better characterized by the fact that they are developed in a= bottom-up fashion, in order to be utilized and managed by the local commun= ity as commons. As stressed by the Declaration on Community Connectivity[7] these networks are “structured to be open, free, and to respect netw= ork neutrality. Such networks rely on the active participation of local com= munities in the design, development, deployment, and management of shared i= nfrastructure as a common resource, owned by the community, and operated in a democratic fashion.”<= /span>

 

Be= sides representing a viable solution to the limits of mainstream networks, = community networks also ensure that Internet traffic is managed with no com= mercially motivated discrimination, thus respecting net neutrality[= 8] by default. Indeed, all network users ar= e partners in the provision of connectivity and in the development of services for the local community, thus making it= much more difficult that the provider – which is the community itsel= f – discriminate content, applications or services based on commercia= l considerations. 

 

Th= ese initiatives demonstrate that connectivity, openness, free choice and fu= ll enjoyment of fundamental rights are not amenities reserved to opulent ci= ty-dwellers but basic needs to which everyone is entitled and that everyone can and must enjoy. Moreover, they prove tha= t “connectivity increases the capacity for individuals to exercise th= eir rights.”[9]

 

When the last mile becomes the first mile

Co= mmunity networking evidences that, in many circumstances, the unconnected c= an connect themselves, as longs as they have information on how to build[10] their network infrastructure and the freedom to choose this option.

 

It= is precisely in such perspective that an ample range of community networks= emerged in many diverse countries, going from the UK<= /a> to Argentin= a and from B= razil to Spain<= span lang=3D"EN-US">.

 

Broadband for the Rural North, = or B4RN, which is pronounced “barn,” was initiated in 2011 by a= group of farmers and a hairdresser in Lancashire, U.K., who decided to ove= rcome the lack of connectivity by starting self-installing fibre. Today the B4RN network connects 40 parishes and provides speeds as = high as 1 gigabit per second.

 

The NGO AlterMundi,[11] which is behind QuintanaLibre, a community network in the Argentinian province of C= =F3rdoba, prides itself on having successfully developed a “geek-free= ” model to overcome the main challenges posed by rural environments, = the scarcity of engineers and reduced incomes, by developing an easy to implement and cost-efficient network technology. = Importantly, the availability of connectivity has stimulated the developmen= t of several applications by the locals for the locals, including an inform= ation portal, a chat service, a VoIP server, community radio streaming, a file sharing system and gaming a= pplications.

 

The AlterMundi-affiliated networks also provide Internet acc= ess to three schools, giving students the opportunity to access online reso= urces. Similarly, the Brazilian NGO Coolab[12] provides connectivity and ICT training to dozen children through the Ca= sa dos Meninos project while connecting and entire village via the Fuma= =E7a community network, in the Rio de Janeiro state.

 

Th= e most successful example is Guifi.net that, besides being the biggest and = the most populated community network in the world with over 85,000 users, i= s particularly outstanding for its common-pool-resource philosophy that favors the establishment of “a disruptive economic m= odel based on the commons model and the collaborative economy,”[13] encouraging small, local entrants to develop new applications and to exten= d the network themselves.[14] Indeed, Guifi.net members have generated a variety of services[15], amongst whic= h VoIP servers, IRC servers, videoconference an= d mail servers and broadcast radios.

 

Im= portantly, besides expanding the Internet and promoting innovation in a dec= entralized fashion, community networks like Guifi.net have created dozens o= f new jobs related to network maintenance and entirely new digital ecosystems. Indeed community networking generally= features capacity-building programs for locals to acquire the skills they = need to be developers, creators and online entrepreneurs.=

 

In= this perspective, community networks, built by the people for the people,<= /span>[16] should not be considered as the last mile of the Internet but rather as th= e first mile, for they have a vital role in maximizing the generative natur= e of the Internet, decentralizing innovation and empowering the unconnected= .

 

Network Self-determination

Examples of community networks = show that these initiatives nurture the development of community-tailored s= ervices, stimulating new opportunities for learning, trading and employment= for locals.

 

He= nce, these initiatives provide a sound evidence base on which a right to &#= 8220;Network Self-determination” can be constructed. I propose the co= ncept of Network Self-determination as the right to freely associate to define, in a democratic fashion, the design, developme= nt and management of network infrastructure as a common good, in order to f= reely seek, impart and receive information and innovation. 

 

While community networking prov= es that Network Self-determination already exists de facto even without being explicitly consecrated de jure, i= t is important to stress that this concept is also solidly grounded in Inte= rnational human rights law.

 

The first article of both the C= harter of the United Nations and the two International Covenants of Human R= ights decisively affirm that, by virtue of the fundamental right to self-de= termination, all peoples are free to pursue their economic, social and cultural development as well as self-org= anization. According to both Articles 1(3) of both Covenants, all states ha= ve an obligation “to promote the realization of the right to self-det= ermination,” which is considered the collective right of a given community to determine its own destiny.

 

Community networks foster Netwo= rk Self-determination, for they allow individuals to decide independently h= ow to pursue their economic, social and cultural development, choosing whic= h kind of technology, applications and content are best suited to meet the needs of the local community and using= and developing them at the local level, in a quintessentially distributed = fashion. The goal of community networking is indeed to empower individuals = who will become new, active participants in the Internet, thus enjoying the benefits of connectivity while contribu= ting to the evolution the network of networks as “a large, varied and= evolving space of technology.”[17]

 

R= ights, as technologies, are the product of history

The enjoyment of Network Self-d= etermination through the development of community networks can prompt sever= al positive externalities, thus fostering a decentralised Internet and allo= wing previously unconnected or scarcely connected individuals to access knowledge and education, create new applic= ations and find occupations, having access to the entire spectrum of opport= unities to which any individual should be entitled.

 

Enthusiasm and optimism regardi= ng community networking should be tempered with a good dose of pragmatism, = though. Indeed, alternative networks should be seen as a valuable complemen= t to existing approaches rather than a silver bullet that can solve all connectivity problems. Community networ= ks require sound planning and good governance to be successful and face man= y technical and policy obstacles over their path. In this perspective, the = IETF community should consider that Internet standards are vital to allow the establishment, interoperability = and, potentially, the federation of community networks.

 

There is no doubt that Network = Self-determination reinforces the distributed nature of the Internet and th= ere is no reason why individuals should not have the possibility to build t= he Internet themselves, improving their standards of living while bridging digital divides.

 

Communities around the globe ar= e discovering they have the potential to create alternative networks and ma= ny of them are already doing so. As the Italian philosopher Norberto Bobbio= famously argued, human rights are the product of historical evolutions.[18] In this spirit, everyone should be free to enjoy Network Self-determination, associating and building a ne= w piece of the Internet.

 

[= 1] See<= span style=3D"color:black;text-decoration:none"> http://www.worldbank.or= g/en/publication/wdr2016

[= 2] See Belli L. (2017). Network Self-Determination and the Positive Externa= lities of Community Networks. http://bibliotecadigita= l.fgv.br/dspace/handle/10438/19924

[= 3] See RFC 8280 https://trac.tools.ietf= .org/html/rfc8280#page-40

[= 4] See https://www.rfc-editor.= org/rfc/rfc7962.txt

[= 5] See https://www.itu.int/en/= ITU-D/Statistics/Documents/facts/ICTFactsFigures2017.pdf<= span lang=3D"EN-US" style=3D"font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Calibri&quo= t;,sans-serif">

[6] See e.g. Rey-Moreno, C., Blignaut, R., May, J., &= Tucker, W. D. (2016). An in-depth study of the ICT ecosystem in a South African rural community: unveiling expenditure and co= mmunication patterns.  Information Technology for Development Vol. 22 = (sup 1). Pp 101–120.  http://doi.org/10.1080/02681102.2016.1= 155145

[7] See Declaration on Community Connectivity http://communityconnect= ivity.xyz/

[= 8] See http://www.networkneutr= ality.info/

[= 9] See RFC 8280 https://trac.tools.ietf= .org/html/rfc8280#page-40

[= 10] See https://commotionwirele= ss.net/docs/cck/

[11] See http://altermundi.net/<= /span>

[= 12] See http://www.coolab.org/q= uem-somos/

[13] See https://guifi.net/en/wh= at_is_guifinet

[14] See Baig, R., Roca, R., Freitag, F.= , Navarro L. (2015). Guifi.net, a Crowdsourced Network Infrastructure Held in Common. In Computer Networks. N=B0 90. http:/= /dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.comnet.2015.07.009<= o:p>

[15] A complete list of services developed by the Guifi.net community can be fo= und at https://guifi.net/en/no= de/3671/view/services

[= 16] See Belli L. (Ed.) (2017). Community networks: the Internet by the peop= le, for the people. Official Outcome of the UN IGF Dynamic Coalition on Community Connectivity. FGV Direi= to Rio. http://bibliotecadigital.fgv.br/dspace= /handle/10438/19401

[17] See RFC 195= 8 https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc1958

[18] See Bobbio N. (1990). L'et=E0 dei diritti.

 

 

 

 

3D"FGV<= span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;mso-fareast-language:PT-BR">

Luca Belli, PhD
Senior Researcher
Head of
Internet Governance @ FGV

luca.bel= li@fgv.br=
+55 21 3799 5763

@1lucabelli

3D"http://www.fg=

&nbs= p;

 







[2] See Belli L. (2017). Network Self-Determination and the Positive Externalities of Community Net= works. http://bibliotecadigital.fgv.br/dspace/handle/10438/= 19924

[6]<= /span> See e.g. Rey-Moreno, C., Blignaut, R., May,= J., & Tucker, W. D. (2016). An in-depth study of the ICT ecosystem in a South African rural community: unveiling expenditur= e and communication patterns.  Information Technology for Development = Vol. 22 (sup 1). Pp 101–120.  http://doi.org/10.1080/02681102.2016.1155145

[7]= See Declaration on Com= munity Connectivity http://communityconnectivity.xyz/

[14] See Baig, R., Roca, R., Freitag, F., Navarro L. (2015). Guifi.net, a Crowd= sourced Network Infrastructure Held in Common. In Computer Networks. N=B0 9= 0. http://= dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.comnet.2015.07.009

[15] A complete list of s= ervices developed by the Guifi.net community can be found at https://guifi.net/en/node= /3671/view/services

[16] See Belli L. (Ed.) (2017). Community networks: the Internet by the people, for the peop= le. Official Outcome of the UN IGF Dynamic Coalition on Community Connectiv= ity. FGV Direito Rio. http://bibliotecadigital.fgv.br/dspace/handle/10438/19401

[18] See Bobbio N. (1990). L'et=E0 dei diritti.

--_000_4B6296ABAE1FC944984F6C9FE996FE19015424DC4EDC6010fgvbr_-- From nobody Wed Mar 21 07:46:52 2018 Return-Path: X-Original-To: gaia@ietfa.amsl.com Delivered-To: gaia@ietfa.amsl.com Received: from localhost (localhost [127.0.0.1]) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTP id 1233212DA6A for ; Wed, 21 Mar 2018 07:46:52 -0700 (PDT) X-Virus-Scanned: amavisd-new at amsl.com X-Spam-Flag: NO X-Spam-Score: -2.099 X-Spam-Level: X-Spam-Status: No, score=-2.099 tagged_above=-999 required=5 tests=[BAYES_00=-1.9, DKIM_SIGNED=0.1, DKIM_VALID=-0.1, FREEMAIL_FORGED_FROMDOMAIN=0.25, FREEMAIL_FROM=0.001, HEADER_FROM_DIFFERENT_DOMAINS=0.249, HTML_MESSAGE=0.001, RCVD_IN_DNSWL_LOW=-0.7, SPF_PASS=-0.001, URIBL_BLOCKED=0.001] autolearn=ham autolearn_force=no Authentication-Results: ietfa.amsl.com (amavisd-new); dkim=pass (2048-bit key) header.d=gmail.com Received: from mail.ietf.org ([4.31.198.44]) by localhost (ietfa.amsl.com [127.0.0.1]) (amavisd-new, port 10024) with ESMTP id Aq5YmwVxJUZH for ; Wed, 21 Mar 2018 07:46:50 -0700 (PDT) Received: from mail-qk0-x22f.google.com (mail-qk0-x22f.google.com [IPv6:2607:f8b0:400d:c09::22f]) (using TLSv1.2 with cipher ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256 (128/128 bits)) (No client certificate requested) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTPS id 99E2912DA4D for ; Wed, 21 Mar 2018 07:46:50 -0700 (PDT) Received: by mail-qk0-x22f.google.com with SMTP id o64so5679857qkl.7 for ; Wed, 21 Mar 2018 07:46:50 -0700 (PDT) DKIM-Signature: v=1; a=rsa-sha256; c=relaxed/relaxed; d=gmail.com; s=20161025; h=mime-version:sender:from:date:message-id:subject:to; bh=WfG30P9dEuUUa+gVstbGYSvQZ+cVkIpTv3eZUwQuKYs=; b=UEhltXqRSvQ2FwLJIW2KW1O4DiLgRUjb5GN2lUwY811hzuKFrm8Cj9KtvWW8act39v caoL+2r4XQJAHKLYlmt+LDM0ApfWG/5HQPsh5oxwY9J72O/5FJOfBQoVAcHpGxG3vnAd xs04y4COQcTzpZQACa8IUcBemU5d+JWo9uAr8zKF2y995wjwtJd0+kpFxnAMmN3QVYYC ZdTyqx80L1HVHQeGMGKvN41Qn/Dl1/UBIAZSS8oawdufi4dmmKBPGc9apq9g7X8B4XUw McB2JaXtfpmcZ3OsqeKmYl0v09UL+18wAtD9pk8HH6RqA8rooypbc1hBSz7zk/fAyeMQ lQkQ== X-Google-DKIM-Signature: v=1; a=rsa-sha256; c=relaxed/relaxed; d=1e100.net; s=20161025; h=x-gm-message-state:mime-version:sender:from:date:message-id:subject :to; bh=WfG30P9dEuUUa+gVstbGYSvQZ+cVkIpTv3eZUwQuKYs=; b=E86tzVoXWcBx/EM//Tiysz/Sq2qsnROaU017YX5e/LdBKUW2wErJqxH3pDk4m4bRvr aPlkvLBJuiDhNw2KMx78/jVz9Lz86Xf5xo/hAkwSLrhnBqO3jXgRlpI5liVhgzGvymn7 9LT/d9vXmrFDCFlHkcjXp5rt0OWB03K3WvlzTLWXiTYedbHhUwdRmnbsSjnOxIwtDZvl bnHTpUlio1Wtv3T9PJC+e54j29LCX4iDHaQYOKS9bepI2BUeIcrFqWoGPihKzJ6+isP6 C1mvr9lG1PCGtC4xyvA1R3IJRtKMEz3BkZGzNORdJupcGw6GF/s0gFhpUErpHDcoIgxC i2qg== X-Gm-Message-State: AElRT7EcpRct+B30jb684OWvbTAQ4yNZmZghA1ugijgyirBBKNfcOap5 xQN8HzKov2BwAmnunMU9KXBU3WhOY9O79+rGE9n824DT X-Google-Smtp-Source: AG47ELv0v3+R0j2nlq2s2bERABvP1ulpz4rnqNWqkoefQZg2Kpwzx88U05R0FhXGl63DjSG2tcSZDnsC0xkbH+ww7yU= X-Received: by 10.55.187.199 with SMTP id l190mr30080556qkf.336.1521643609285; Wed, 21 Mar 2018 07:46:49 -0700 (PDT) MIME-Version: 1.0 Sender: stephen.song@gmail.com Received: by 10.237.59.10 with HTTP; Wed, 21 Mar 2018 07:46:28 -0700 (PDT) From: Steve Song Date: Wed, 21 Mar 2018 15:46:28 +0100 X-Google-Sender-Auth: N743BpOQPxeftE1MGE76_p2ThYk Message-ID: To: gaia Content-Type: multipart/alternative; boundary="94eb2c049348ce691e0567ed4244" Archived-At: Subject: [gaia] Mozilla petition to Facebook regarding user privacy X-BeenThere: gaia@irtf.org X-Mailman-Version: 2.1.22 Precedence: list List-Id: Global Access to the Internet for All List-Unsubscribe: , List-Archive: List-Post: List-Help: List-Subscribe: , X-List-Received-Date: Wed, 21 Mar 2018 14:46:52 -0000 --94eb2c049348ce691e0567ed4244 Content-Type: text/plain; charset="UTF-8" Hi all, Mozilla have launched an online petition to get Facebook to respect user privacy by setting data sharing to private by default in their app. https://foundation.mozilla.org/campaigns/facebook/ Let your voice be heard. Tell your friends. Cheers... Steve Song -- +1 902 529 0046 stevesong@nsrc.org http://nsrc.org --94eb2c049348ce691e0567ed4244 Content-Type: text/html; charset="UTF-8" Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable
Hi all,

Mozilla have launche= d an online petition to get Facebook to respect user privacy by setting dat= a sharing to private by default in their app.


Let your vo= ice be heard. Tell your friends.=C2=A0

Cheers= ... Steve Song



--
--94eb2c049348ce691e0567ed4244-- From nobody Wed Mar 21 13:29:57 2018 Return-Path: X-Original-To: gaia@ietfa.amsl.com Delivered-To: gaia@ietfa.amsl.com Received: from localhost (localhost [127.0.0.1]) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTP id 52E6812895E for ; Wed, 21 Mar 2018 13:29:56 -0700 (PDT) X-Virus-Scanned: amavisd-new at amsl.com X-Spam-Flag: NO X-Spam-Score: -1.91 X-Spam-Level: X-Spam-Status: No, score=-1.91 tagged_above=-999 required=5 tests=[BAYES_00=-1.9, T_RP_MATCHES_RCVD=-0.01] autolearn=ham autolearn_force=no Received: from mail.ietf.org ([4.31.198.44]) by localhost (ietfa.amsl.com [127.0.0.1]) (amavisd-new, port 10024) with ESMTP id qfJGR3yFj3vO for ; Wed, 21 Mar 2018 13:29:54 -0700 (PDT) Received: from p130.piuha.net (p130.piuha.net [IPv6:2001:14b8:1829::130]) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTP id 37401127AD4 for ; Wed, 21 Mar 2018 13:29:54 -0700 (PDT) Received: from localhost (localhost [127.0.0.1]) by p130.piuha.net (Postfix) with ESMTP id 305526601C1; Wed, 21 Mar 2018 22:29:52 +0200 (EET) Received: from p130.piuha.net ([127.0.0.1]) by localhost (p130.piuha.net [127.0.0.1]) (amavisd-new, port 10024) with ESMTP id 2alWSvQhTrV6; Wed, 21 Mar 2018 22:29:51 +0200 (EET) Received: from [127.0.0.1] (p130.piuha.net [IPv6:2001:14b8:1829::130]) by p130.piuha.net (Postfix) with ESMTPS id 1BCF666018F; Wed, 21 Mar 2018 22:29:51 +0200 (EET) From: Jari Arkko Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8 Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Mime-Version: 1.0 (Mac OS X Mail 10.3 \(3273\)) Message-Id: <9BBBE11F-410F-42F2-8DB9-A972E8BC928E@piuha.net> Date: Wed, 21 Mar 2018 20:29:50 +0000 Cc: gaia@irtf.org To: steve@manypossibilities.net X-Mailer: Apple Mail (2.3273) Archived-At: Subject: [gaia] Today's plenary presentations & spectrum X-BeenThere: gaia@irtf.org X-Mailman-Version: 2.1.22 Precedence: list List-Id: Global Access to the Internet for All List-Unsubscribe: , List-Archive: List-Post: List-Help: List-Subscribe: , X-List-Received-Date: Wed, 21 Mar 2018 20:29:56 -0000 Steve (+ Leandro and Jonathan), Many thanks for tonight's very interesting plenary presentations.=20 Much new information to all of us, and food for thought. I had a comment on the spectrum allocations topic. I agree that=20 unnecessary pricing of spectrum ends up costing, in the end, to=20 the citizens and society. And I loved your analogy of the glass jar with stones. There=E2=80=99d be so much more to share with fine grained allocation policy. But were you also trying to indicate that mobile networks are eating up too much spectrum? I=E2=80=99m not entirely sure I agree with you there. First off, on a global scale they provide a large fraction of Internet connectivity, so it would seem fair to allocate spectrum where it delivers value for the end users. Also, I think we are in a relatively fortunate situation that as technology develops to 5G or even beyond, cell sizes are decreasing and frequencies are increasing. Other things being equal, this should accommodate quite a bit more simultaneous=20 use of spectrum resources, which is obviously good. Of course, we also have a large demand for bandwidth by consumers and others, which I think means that the spectrum that is actually allocated does get to use. Thoughts? Jari From nobody Thu Mar 22 02:58:49 2018 Return-Path: X-Original-To: gaia@ietfa.amsl.com Delivered-To: gaia@ietfa.amsl.com Received: from localhost (localhost [127.0.0.1]) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTP id AF63A126C89 for ; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 02:58:47 -0700 (PDT) X-Virus-Scanned: amavisd-new at amsl.com X-Spam-Flag: NO X-Spam-Score: -1.4 X-Spam-Level: X-Spam-Status: No, score=-1.4 tagged_above=-999 required=5 tests=[BAYES_00=-1.9, DKIM_SIGNED=0.1, DKIM_VALID=-0.1, FREEMAIL_FORGED_FROMDOMAIN=0.25, FREEMAIL_FROM=0.001, HEADER_FROM_DIFFERENT_DOMAINS=0.249, HTML_MESSAGE=0.001, RCVD_IN_DNSWL_NONE=-0.0001, SPF_PASS=-0.001] autolearn=no autolearn_force=no Authentication-Results: ietfa.amsl.com (amavisd-new); dkim=pass (2048-bit key) header.d=gmail.com Received: from mail.ietf.org ([4.31.198.44]) by localhost (ietfa.amsl.com [127.0.0.1]) (amavisd-new, port 10024) with ESMTP id 6Dy58vPeOCON for ; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 02:58:46 -0700 (PDT) Received: from mail-qt0-x22a.google.com (mail-qt0-x22a.google.com [IPv6:2607:f8b0:400d:c0d::22a]) (using TLSv1.2 with cipher ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256 (128/128 bits)) (No client certificate requested) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTPS id 627C11205D3 for ; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 02:58:46 -0700 (PDT) Received: by mail-qt0-x22a.google.com with SMTP id h4so8253602qtn.13 for ; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 02:58:46 -0700 (PDT) DKIM-Signature: v=1; a=rsa-sha256; c=relaxed/relaxed; d=gmail.com; s=20161025; h=mime-version:sender:in-reply-to:references:from:date:message-id :subject:to; bh=DMHh8X67PlP/Sm8szNrR5GRyOSMyDlz7snOzYP2UeuE=; b=BO6bfCJTgVTmGRy2KbHe91baQQnlUe9avjWHoQXStUZ6dmOryTcYApPPAbhM6uafSf bf7HZUb9gubKlBI+YGb4oYG/jMGht5fvpbmgIoQzV/XdHh2R7LogCi6rmBgnNepNqdrL pfCX3h+uoOaIJprKZNAZGLdXNylpJgVDDMqqfm65mdcjdsVUZAy3w24LaMb/O1QCxyHB QqDHdv9ZCrMWpffd3bygWne9B9zYl4YiL3/tVO3P3q/YomXhXMQJ19LhHAswfDxl2gVW 5Udm/hg/7MgF+qJA1YvXoVOEqOAIupFttTbqNxEtO7ERGnu7PfCsidPDJjadk+RHyQGX I9gg== X-Google-DKIM-Signature: v=1; a=rsa-sha256; c=relaxed/relaxed; d=1e100.net; s=20161025; h=x-gm-message-state:mime-version:sender:in-reply-to:references:from :date:message-id:subject:to; bh=DMHh8X67PlP/Sm8szNrR5GRyOSMyDlz7snOzYP2UeuE=; b=tdF5U/BElkBslfUqV8Rc+bdqElnyPguGdO5psoJBRewmt2R8N5PED8Nwoz4O4QoxfN kv1KE82kK93U5tzFprsYO1lib3tZpjwGn879eYpgrz4u2UoBeBXm5X6dMujOJiNti1rh ixmU67V4lOtToTcxj1/YakxWNPkNoIrdwuB3QBL5T/khRdONbIphq4hwJ4GX/VsMoMeI CFsDHkmxgc+O+Q4f1Bwco2+4I0qoPce2g3VbpUtcACxAvxjHkyXpfposL/v8ev+QTOUf 0RgPDY2pOekV7+zfx7BguOjSI6gcbedsQ0t70xoL4wzjRKn5IAPfjGNVLQBSrEEZejG8 /MjA== X-Gm-Message-State: AElRT7GwCVmVrtiueZ5M+DXjc/6AzpTwhdOaLlLifXzqKDOb4+YeBEiC zab054cJc645ktiNrT1EaMeMAkbXdd+0UF17l+wh13oI X-Google-Smtp-Source: AG47ELvSSqN0CSXYGlUVtL23ESdpWdDpKOP+lts3qvMw+AYXZ2KJupLPGxin/HLTgx9/cO5R813cmUYbgklAL+ou1oA= X-Received: by 10.200.63.6 with SMTP id c6mr35243101qtk.286.1521712725216; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 02:58:45 -0700 (PDT) MIME-Version: 1.0 Sender: stephen.song@gmail.com Received: by 10.237.59.10 with HTTP; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 02:58:24 -0700 (PDT) In-Reply-To: <9BBBE11F-410F-42F2-8DB9-A972E8BC928E@piuha.net> References: <9BBBE11F-410F-42F2-8DB9-A972E8BC928E@piuha.net> From: Steve Song Date: Thu, 22 Mar 2018 09:58:24 +0000 X-Google-Sender-Auth: 1PQcMX-z_UcD4gf6zwqZpQ77OQs Message-ID: To: gaia Content-Type: multipart/alternative; boundary="94eb2c033e446fd6970567fd5a7f" Archived-At: Subject: Re: [gaia] Today's plenary presentations & spectrum X-BeenThere: gaia@irtf.org X-Mailman-Version: 2.1.22 Precedence: list List-Id: Global Access to the Internet for All List-Unsubscribe: , List-Archive: List-Post: List-Help: List-Subscribe: , X-List-Received-Date: Thu, 22 Mar 2018 09:58:48 -0000 --94eb2c033e446fd6970567fd5a7f Content-Type: text/plain; charset="UTF-8" Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Hi Jari, On 21 March 2018 at 20:29, Jari Arkko wrote: > Steve (+ Leandro and Jonathan), > > Many thanks for tonight's very interesting plenary presentations. > Much new information to all of us, and food for thought. > > I had a comment on the spectrum allocations topic. I agree that > unnecessary pricing of spectrum ends up costing, in the end, to > the citizens and society. And I loved your analogy of the glass > jar with stones. There=E2=80=99d be so much more to share with fine > grained allocation policy. > > But were you also trying to indicate that mobile networks > are eating up too much spectrum? I=E2=80=99m not entirely sure > I agree with you there. First off, on a global scale they provide > a large fraction of Internet connectivity, so it would seem > fair to allocate spectrum where it delivers value for > the end users. Also, I think we are in a relatively > fortunate situation that as technology develops to > 5G or even beyond, cell sizes are decreasing and > frequencies are increasing. Other things being equal, > this should accommodate quite a bit more simultaneous > use of spectrum resources, which is obviously good. > Of course, we also have a large demand for bandwidth > by consumers and others, which I think means that > the spectrum that is actually allocated does get to > use. > > Thoughts? > > Jari > > Thanks for your feedback, particularly about glass jar analogy which I was not sure would communicate well or not. In answer to your question, I don't think mobile networks are eating up too much spectrum. I think there is enough for everyone. It is definitely a "yes and" as opposed to an "either or" situation. I should have made that clearer in my talk and will do so in future. What I do think is happening is that mobile network operators are taking a lot of the air in the room when it comes to spectrum regulation. Not nearly enough regulatory attention is given to unlicensed and dynamic spectrum approaches to regulation. Here in the UK for example, TVWS (dynamic spectrum) regulation and the expansion of the unlicensed bands in 5GHz have taken a back seat to pressure from operators to make 5G spectrum available. There is not enough lobbying going on at regulatory agencies for spectrum and rules to enable the "smaller stones" in the jar. I think there is also an opportunity for a middle ground where operators are assigned spectrum (perhaps through auction) on a "use it or share it" basis that would allow rural connectivity initiatives access on a secondary basis to spectrum "owned" by mobile operators in areas where they have no coverage. This might be in exchange for a reduction in universal services fees for the operator. I think there are lots of opportunities for win-win scenarios like this. Cheers... Steve --=20 +1 902 529 0046 stevesong@nsrc.org http://nsrc.org --94eb2c033e446fd6970567fd5a7f Content-Type: text/html; charset="UTF-8" Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable
Hi Jari,

On 21 March 2018 at 20:29, Jari Arkko <ja= ri.arkko@piuha.net> wrote:
= Steve (+ Leandro and Jonathan),

Many thanks for tonight's very interesting plenary presentations.
Much new information to all of us, and food for thought.

I had a comment on the spectrum allocations topic. I agree that
unnecessary pricing of spectrum ends up costing, in the end, to
the citizens and society. And I loved your analogy of the glass
jar with stones. There=E2=80=99d be so much more to share with fine
grained allocation policy.

But were you also trying to indicate that mobile networks
are eating up too much spectrum? I=E2=80=99m not entirely sure
I agree with you there. First off, on a global scale they provide
a large fraction of Internet connectivity, so it would seem
fair to allocate spectrum where it delivers value for
the end users. Also, I think we are in a relatively
fortunate situation that as technology develops to
5G or even beyond, cell sizes are decreasing and
frequencies are increasing. Other things being equal,
this should accommodate quite a bit more simultaneous
use of spectrum resources, which is obviously good.
Of course, we also have a large demand for bandwidth
by consumers and others, which I think means that
the spectrum that is actually allocated does get to
use.

Thoughts?

Jari


Thanks for your feedback, p= articularly about glass jar analogy which I was not sure would communicate = well or not.

In answer to your question, I don't think mobile networks are eating up= =20 too much spectrum.=C2=A0 I think there is enough for everyone.=C2=A0 It is= =20 definitely a "yes and" as opposed to an "either or" si= tuation.=C2=A0I should have made that clearer in my talk and will do so in = future.

What I do think is happening is that mobile network operators are taking a=20 lot of the air in the room when it comes to spectrum regulation.=C2=A0 Not= =20 nearly enough regulatory attention is given to unlicensed and dynamic=20 spectrum approaches to regulation.=C2=A0 Here in the UK for example, TVWS= =20 (dynamic spectrum) regulation and the expansion of the unlicensed bands=20 in 5GHz have taken a back seat to pressure from operators to make 5G=20 spectrum available.=C2=A0 There is not enough lobbying going on at regulato= ry agencies for spectrum and rules to enable the "smaller stones" i= n the=20 jar.

I think there is also an opportunity for a mi= ddle ground where operators are assigned spectrum (perhaps through auction)= on a "use it or share it" basis that would allow rural connectiv= ity initiatives access on a secondary basis to spectrum "owned" b= y mobile operators in areas where they have no coverage.=C2=A0 This might b= e in exchange for a reduction in universal services fees for the operator.= =C2=A0 I think there are lots of opportunities for win-win scenarios like t= his.

Cheers... Steve

--
--94eb2c033e446fd6970567fd5a7f-- From nobody Thu Mar 22 05:08:18 2018 Return-Path: X-Original-To: gaia@ietfa.amsl.com Delivered-To: gaia@ietfa.amsl.com Received: from localhost (localhost [127.0.0.1]) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTP id 81EF4127873 for ; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 05:08:17 -0700 (PDT) X-Virus-Scanned: amavisd-new at amsl.com X-Spam-Flag: NO X-Spam-Score: -2.001 X-Spam-Level: X-Spam-Status: No, score=-2.001 tagged_above=-999 required=5 tests=[BAYES_00=-1.9, DKIM_SIGNED=0.1, DKIM_VALID=-0.1, DKIM_VALID_AU=-0.1, MIME_QP_LONG_LINE=0.001, RCVD_IN_DNSWL_NONE=-0.0001, RCVD_IN_MSPIKE_H2=-0.001, SPF_PASS=-0.001] autolearn=ham autolearn_force=no Authentication-Results: ietfa.amsl.com (amavisd-new); dkim=pass (1024-bit key) header.d=isoc.org Received: from mail.ietf.org ([4.31.198.44]) by localhost (ietfa.amsl.com [127.0.0.1]) (amavisd-new, port 10024) with ESMTP id eiJQySTBgEN2 for ; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 05:08:15 -0700 (PDT) Received: from NAM01-BN3-obe.outbound.protection.outlook.com (mail-bn3nam01on0050.outbound.protection.outlook.com [104.47.33.50]) (using TLSv1.2 with cipher ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384 (256/256 bits)) (No client certificate requested) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTPS id 25129126CD6 for ; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 05:08:15 -0700 (PDT) DKIM-Signature: v=1; a=rsa-sha256; c=relaxed/relaxed; d=isoc.org; s=selector1; h=From:Date:Subject:Message-ID:Content-Type:MIME-Version; bh=D8qAcggcl3LHJYZcldc+EhQEkxn4vD8+I685vYiAXG0=; b=Ap/nk0o+jGpB++fvPUDwDcdpjyX+UqgT1uTIp6NHDI9FEyKSgLDpRpA+iRL1INd+1VoX0Ykr7Aro4IXMQZ+Guo17x91lATQgzdTyb8UcPumlw2EyOTRxoZY9DtEAqdDnVICeCxyAzDDEVigZEIxlQGI7mHlAIUyueCoaUS1xwzM= Received: from DM3PR0601MB1916.namprd06.prod.outlook.com (10.164.251.6) by DM3PR0601MB2073.namprd06.prod.outlook.com (10.164.251.149) with Microsoft SMTP Server (version=TLS1_2, cipher=TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384_P256) id 15.20.609.10; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 12:08:12 +0000 Received: from DM3PR0601MB1916.namprd06.prod.outlook.com ([fe80::7449:25e9:e542:c1da]) by DM3PR0601MB1916.namprd06.prod.outlook.com ([fe80::7449:25e9:e542:c1da%13]) with mapi id 15.20.0588.017; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 12:08:12 +0000 From: Jane Coffin To: "gaia@irtf.org" Thread-Topic: GAIA @IETF 101 - Agenda and Speaker Line Up - TODAY! @1330 UTC in Palace C if you are on the ground Thread-Index: AQHTwdZyTaKC71h46ECCm5rq80U8tA== Date: Thu, 22 Mar 2018 12:08:12 +0000 Message-ID: <1BB429B1-0DFA-49B7-A30A-7C720FB14047@isoc.org> Accept-Language: en-US Content-Language: en-US X-MS-Has-Attach: yes X-MS-TNEF-Correlator: user-agent: Microsoft-MacOutlook/10.b.0.180311 authentication-results: spf=none (sender IP is ) smtp.mailfrom=coffin@isoc.org; x-originating-ip: [2001:67c:1232:144:744c:b670:b502:a7c5] x-ms-publictraffictype: Email x-microsoft-exchange-diagnostics: 1; DM3PR0601MB2073; 7:JWIYRoJNjlDZ0d99T2RCfHUW/dQwDT7BKbOBceO77ri6nKDomTDF5+GSLbRcP8cUZjm9Djwc3AOWa81Rk24C6kMrTQ2jjX8nPavlkoV8Kxz8qMzWssErfEAVzrnkfTOyzQK6p9O1aAanw3CYkFacfcRccLUmMHQ7MdmAe+gP5UlxYpRdYMa3mCn1/qWgkfhMXgqDJ/dksrILXxhXkfSHgQHgMzCrz5V8lI9IC8+6clNbMd9P9i5/bdwSL2hbt0+j x-ms-exchange-antispam-srfa-diagnostics: SOS; x-ms-office365-filtering-correlation-id: 5f142bd8-d846-419e-e8a7-08d58fed957c x-microsoft-antispam: UriScan:; BCL:0; PCL:0; RULEID:(7020095)(4652020)(5600026)(4604075)(3008032)(4534165)(4627221)(201703031133081)(201702281549075)(2017052603328)(7153060)(49563074)(7193020); SRVR:DM3PR0601MB2073; x-ms-traffictypediagnostic: DM3PR0601MB2073: x-microsoft-antispam-prvs: x-exchange-antispam-report-test: UriScan:(120809045254105); x-exchange-antispam-report-cfa-test: BCL:0; PCL:0; RULEID:(102415395)(6040522)(2401047)(8121501046)(5005006)(3002001)(10201501046)(3231221)(944501327)(52105095)(93006095)(93001095)(6041310)(20161123562045)(201703131423095)(201702281528075)(20161123555045)(201703061421075)(201703061406153)(20161123558120)(20161123564045)(20161123560045)(6072148)(201708071742011); SRVR:DM3PR0601MB2073; BCL:0; PCL:0; RULEID:; SRVR:DM3PR0601MB2073; x-forefront-prvs: 0619D53754 x-forefront-antispam-report: SFV:NSPM; SFS:(10009020)(39380400002)(376002)(366004)(396003)(346002)(39840400004)(199004)(189003)(53754006)(478600001)(14454004)(82746002)(3660700001)(36756003)(966005)(2351001)(99936001)(106356001)(3280700002)(6116002)(6916009)(68736007)(1730700003)(81166006)(81156014)(2900100001)(316002)(33656002)(8676002)(8936002)(105586002)(186003)(53936002)(83716003)(58126008)(99286004)(2906002)(25786009)(15974865002)(5250100002)(2501003)(97736004)(46003)(102836004)(6486002)(86362001)(6512007)(5660300001)(6506007)(305945005)(6306002)(5640700003)(7736002)(6436002); DIR:OUT; SFP:1101; SCL:1; SRVR:DM3PR0601MB2073; H:DM3PR0601MB1916.namprd06.prod.outlook.com; FPR:; SPF:None; PTR:InfoNoRecords; A:1; MX:1; LANG:en; received-spf: None (protection.outlook.com: isoc.org does not designate permitted sender hosts) x-microsoft-antispam-message-info: X/6EMTT2lkViu9suUfv3xrfx2ZciKVql1969dDYYreKfmOjgb4sx4cqk7zeixnMDqC1hy1I0Vp1sn0vJ2TERSp8QIqsQ5DDX1z9A0k2eS3Eud8ZvnbD/sp8jC81KHDgnttfZG9Saxs6Rju6FcHqugiAG8e7QRBp3IdiNFP2iYaLX6m/0QeTWI+FAeRsFhF3z+lYo6TJnNGNO/3YiivYmTxYC4KP927Yjc/WVmcssMkYFSfpNpL4c7S+rGzCIkOt2AdYKYBRS2QBwawOcf6HlRDdIECWs3SPcO0jDblMB74mqFIMcjVApU0KKHJoTrX0WzCSmVbtI9z59kuy28hkMKw== spamdiagnosticoutput: 1:99 spamdiagnosticmetadata: NSPM Content-Type: multipart/signed; protocol="application/pkcs7-signature"; micalg=sha256; boundary="B_3604566249_1492263872" MIME-Version: 1.0 X-OriginatorOrg: isoc.org X-MS-Exchange-CrossTenant-Network-Message-Id: 5f142bd8-d846-419e-e8a7-08d58fed957c X-MS-Exchange-CrossTenant-originalarrivaltime: 22 Mar 2018 12:08:12.0180 (UTC) X-MS-Exchange-CrossTenant-fromentityheader: Hosted X-MS-Exchange-CrossTenant-id: 89f84dfb-7285-4810-bc4d-8b9b5794554f X-MS-Exchange-Transport-CrossTenantHeadersStamped: DM3PR0601MB2073 Archived-At: Subject: [gaia] GAIA @IETF 101 - Agenda and Speaker Line Up - TODAY! @1330 UTC in Palace C if you are on the ground X-BeenThere: gaia@irtf.org X-Mailman-Version: 2.1.22 Precedence: list List-Id: Global Access to the Internet for All List-Unsubscribe: , List-Archive: List-Post: List-Help: List-Subscribe: , X-List-Received-Date: Thu, 22 Mar 2018 12:08:17 -0000 --B_3604566249_1492263872 Content-type: text/plain; charset="UTF-8" Content-transfer-encoding: quoted-printable Hi All - We are looking forward to a great line-up of speakers, today, @1330 UTC in = Palace C at the Hilton Metropole Hotel. Note: If you are at the meeting, Palace C is in the East Wing 3rd Lower Gr= ound Floor (-3E) Agenda is below and link is here: https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/agenda-= 101-gaia/=20 Presentations are here: https://datatracker.ietf.org/meeting/101/session/g= aia=20 Leandro and I also will discuss plans for a collaborative Info Doc after th= e presentations, today! Best, Jane/Leandro =20 Internet Society | www.internetsociety.org Skype: janercoffin Mobile/WhatsApp: +1.202.247.8429 =EF=BB=BFOn 3/21/18, 8:30 PM, "gaia on behalf of Jari Arkko" wrote: Steve (+ Leandro and Jonathan), =20 Many thanks for tonight's very interesting plenary presentations.=20 Much new information to all of us, and food for thought. =20 I had a comment on the spectrum allocations topic. I agree that=20 unnecessary pricing of spectrum ends up costing, in the end, to=20 the citizens and society. And I loved your analogy of the glass jar with stones. There=E2=80=99d be so much more to share with fine grained allocation policy. =20 But were you also trying to indicate that mobile networks are eating up too much spectrum? I=E2=80=99m not entirely sure I agree with you there. First off, on a global scale they provide a large fraction of Internet connectivity, so it would seem fair to allocate spectrum where it delivers value for the end users. Also, I think we are in a relatively fortunate situation that as technology develops to 5G or even beyond, cell sizes are decreasing and frequencies are increasing. Other things being equal, this should accommodate quite a bit more simultaneous=20 use of spectrum resources, which is obviously good. Of course, we also have a large demand for bandwidth by consumers and others, which I think means that the spectrum that is actually allocated does get to use. =20 Thoughts? =20 Jari =20 _______________________________________________ gaia mailing list gaia@irtf.org https://www.irtf.org/mailman/listinfo/gaia =20 --B_3604566249_1492263872 Content-Type: application/pkcs7-signature; name="smime.p7s" Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64 Content-Disposition: attachment; filename="smime.p7s" MIIRjQYJKoZIhvcNAQcCoIIRfjCCEXoCAQExDzANBglghkgBZQMEAgEFADALBgkqhkiG9w0B BwGggg8JMIIGGDCCBQCgAwIBAgIRAIx1fBf4uve27MtrfFJmAnQwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQELBQAw gZsxCzAJBgNVBAYTAkdCMRswGQYDVQQIExJHcmVhdGVyIE1hbmNoZXN0ZXIxEDAOBgNVBAcT B1NhbGZvcmQxGjAYBgNVBAoTEUNPTU9ETyBDQSBMaW1pdGVkMUEwPwYDVQQDEzhDT01PRE8g U0hBLTI1NiBDbGllbnQgQXV0aGVudGljYXRpb24gYW5kIFNlY3VyZSBFbWFpbCBDQTAeFw0x NzAzMDMwMDAwMDBaFw0yMDAzMDIyMzU5NTlaMIIBFjELMAkGA1UEBhMCVVMxDjAMBgNVBBET BTIwMTkwMQswCQYDVQQIEwJWQTEPMA0GA1UEBxMGUmVzdG9uMRIwEAYDVQQJEwlTdWl0ZSAy 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(localhost [127.0.0.1]) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTP id 595681200C5 for ; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 07:14:58 -0700 (PDT) X-Virus-Scanned: amavisd-new at amsl.com X-Spam-Flag: NO X-Spam-Score: -2.699 X-Spam-Level: X-Spam-Status: No, score=-2.699 tagged_above=-999 required=5 tests=[BAYES_00=-1.9, DKIM_SIGNED=0.1, DKIM_VALID=-0.1, DKIM_VALID_AU=-0.1, FREEMAIL_FROM=0.001, HTML_MESSAGE=0.001, RCVD_IN_DNSWL_LOW=-0.7, SPF_PASS=-0.001] autolearn=ham autolearn_force=no Authentication-Results: ietfa.amsl.com (amavisd-new); dkim=pass (2048-bit key) header.d=gmail.com Received: from mail.ietf.org ([4.31.198.44]) by localhost (ietfa.amsl.com [127.0.0.1]) (amavisd-new, port 10024) with ESMTP id 7R42_h5UDzMk for ; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 07:14:55 -0700 (PDT) Received: from mail-it0-x229.google.com (mail-it0-x229.google.com [IPv6:2607:f8b0:4001:c0b::229]) (using TLSv1.2 with cipher ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256 (128/128 bits)) (No client certificate requested) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTPS id 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b=S/h3QxMxP7ZZRTCsDRFJIWuJ9AxcsLuU399iDe2t77MYwyW1IuS6XCIuWmjCx6ErI1 xEUJRI7XwBEitj0vEkL+6aOw+enXrVG9eMdWhoxmATRuO8AKJfAednJ6lWIoRus3kEzM re4UW7JHhkduLzNX0TqYX/q2JomnQQ2OAHNXkc8TFTrecjptG8LzIGuCjhtIV1UXlr9Y lISBfwFPGxiQvy3ZYFPiQwW8X6FlE0kQE4t0GRtRgvnZZC16oFCu76y6jyvuD1+oL2At MXLs9+4kNL74biuQw70dZUjITumhu/qHR9JflrkUyxwKfGBYVtchTK/pvvrVyyuvi3bG 1ycA== X-Gm-Message-State: AElRT7GYDIvyEQ231GMq/uXvYTu4pcbebuncl3xcnyEftppoxPjrSSzN vIVhgghuTuEktQ4bWlqVRkQIv5aufIRbyTXZ38c= X-Google-Smtp-Source: AG47ELu7vPwZYXnos9uany0U8wEDW4XbTUgP6P/gXkiuqmFG71/ICmzsbukaR+9ZxU8tnJH78gQb+W785uVWLbrGVvs= X-Received: by 2002:a24:e445:: with SMTP id o66-v6mr9667460ith.117.1521728094749; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 07:14:54 -0700 (PDT) MIME-Version: 1.0 Received: by 10.107.12.170 with HTTP; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 07:14:54 -0700 (PDT) In-Reply-To: References: <9BBBE11F-410F-42F2-8DB9-A972E8BC928E@piuha.net> From: Rohan Mahy Date: Thu, 22 Mar 2018 07:14:54 -0700 Message-ID: To: Steve Song Cc: gaia Content-Type: multipart/alternative; boundary="000000000000884db6056800ee62" Archived-At: Subject: Re: [gaia] Today's plenary presentations & spectrum X-BeenThere: gaia@irtf.org X-Mailman-Version: 2.1.22 Precedence: list List-Id: Global Access to the Internet for All List-Unsubscribe: , List-Archive: List-Post: List-Help: List-Subscribe: , X-List-Received-Date: Thu, 22 Mar 2018 14:14:58 -0000 --000000000000884db6056800ee62 Content-Type: text/plain; charset="UTF-8" Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Hi, I would like to emphasize what Steve said about =E2=80=9Cuse it or share it= =E2=80=9D with an anecdote from the US. Less than one hour from San Francisco and San Jose, California, the towns on the coast have several pockets with no mobile phone reception at all. I have friends and colleagues who live in the Santa Cruz Mountains, thirty minutes drive from San Jose who are using dialup modems because they have neither mobile reception nor terrestrial broadband. When spectrum is assigned on a nationwide basis, there is little incentive for the spectrum owners to serve areas with relatively lower population density and/or more difficult topography. Requiring operators to share spectrum, or pricing spectrum dynamically at a granular geographic level, makes it feasible for other entities, including cooperatives and municipalities, to fill these gaps. Thanks, -rohan On Thu, Mar 22, 2018 at 2:58 AM, Steve Song wrote: > Hi Jari, > > On 21 March 2018 at 20:29, Jari Arkko wrote: > >> Steve (+ Leandro and Jonathan), >> >> Many thanks for tonight's very interesting plenary presentations. >> Much new information to all of us, and food for thought. >> >> I had a comment on the spectrum allocations topic. I agree that >> unnecessary pricing of spectrum ends up costing, in the end, to >> the citizens and society. And I loved your analogy of the glass >> jar with stones. There=E2=80=99d be so much more to share with fine >> grained allocation policy. >> >> But were you also trying to indicate that mobile networks >> are eating up too much spectrum? I=E2=80=99m not entirely sure >> I agree with you there. First off, on a global scale they provide >> a large fraction of Internet connectivity, so it would seem >> fair to allocate spectrum where it delivers value for >> the end users. Also, I think we are in a relatively >> fortunate situation that as technology develops to >> 5G or even beyond, cell sizes are decreasing and >> frequencies are increasing. Other things being equal, >> this should accommodate quite a bit more simultaneous >> use of spectrum resources, which is obviously good. >> Of course, we also have a large demand for bandwidth >> by consumers and others, which I think means that >> the spectrum that is actually allocated does get to >> use. >> >> Thoughts? >> >> Jari >> >> > Thanks for your feedback, particularly about glass jar analogy which I wa= s > not sure would communicate well or not. > > In answer to your question, I don't think mobile networks are eating up > too much spectrum. I think there is enough for everyone. It is definite= ly > a "yes and" as opposed to an "either or" situation. I should have made th= at > clearer in my talk and will do so in future. > > What I do think is happening is that mobile network operators are taking = a > lot of the air in the room when it comes to spectrum regulation. Not > nearly enough regulatory attention is given to unlicensed and dynamic > spectrum approaches to regulation. Here in the UK for example, TVWS > (dynamic spectrum) regulation and the expansion of the unlicensed bands i= n > 5GHz have taken a back seat to pressure from operators to make 5G spectru= m > available. There is not enough lobbying going on at regulatory agencies > for spectrum and rules to enable the "smaller stones" in the jar. > > I think there is also an opportunity for a middle ground where operators > are assigned spectrum (perhaps through auction) on a "use it or share it" > basis that would allow rural connectivity initiatives access on a seconda= ry > basis to spectrum "owned" by mobile operators in areas where they have no > coverage. This might be in exchange for a reduction in universal service= s > fees for the operator. I think there are lots of opportunities for win-w= in > scenarios like this. > > Cheers... Steve > > > -- > +1 902 529 0046 <(902)%20529-0046> > stevesong@nsrc.org > http://nsrc.org > > > _______________________________________________ > gaia mailing list > gaia@irtf.org > https://www.irtf.org/mailman/listinfo/gaia > > --000000000000884db6056800ee62 Content-Type: text/html; charset="UTF-8" Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable
Hi,
I would like to emphasize what Steve said about = =E2=80=9Cuse it or share it=E2=80=9D with an anecdote from the US. Less tha= n one hour from San Francisco and San Jose, California, the towns on the co= ast have several pockets with no mobile phone reception at all. I have frie= nds and colleagues who live in the Santa Cruz Mountains, thirty minutes dri= ve from San Jose who are using dialup modems because they have neither mobi= le reception nor terrestrial broadband. When spectrum is assigned on a nati= onwide basis, there is little incentive for the spectrum owners to serve ar= eas with relatively lower population density and/or more difficult topograp= hy. Requiring operators to share spectrum, or pricing spectrum dynamically = at a granular geographic level, makes it feasible for other entities, inclu= ding cooperatives and municipalities, to fill these gaps.=C2=A0
T= hanks,
-rohan

On Thu, Mar 22, 2018 at 2:58 AM, Steve Song <stevesong@= nsrc.org> wrote:
Hi Jari,

On 21 March 2018 at 20:29, Jar= i Arkko <jari.arkko@piuha.net> wrote:
Steve (+ Leandro and Jonathan),

Many thanks for tonight's very interesting plenary presentations.
Much new information to all of us, and food for thought.

I had a comment on the spectrum allocations topic. I agree that
unnecessary pricing of spectrum ends up costing, in the end, to
the citizens and society. And I loved your analogy of the glass
jar with stones. There=E2=80=99d be so much more to share with fine
grained allocation policy.

But were you also trying to indicate that mobile networks
are eating up too much spectrum? I=E2=80=99m not entirely sure
I agree with you there. First off, on a global scale they provide
a large fraction of Internet connectivity, so it would seem
fair to allocate spectrum where it delivers value for
the end users. Also, I think we are in a relatively
fortunate situation that as technology develops to
5G or even beyond, cell sizes are decreasing and
frequencies are increasing. Other things being equal,
this should accommodate quite a bit more simultaneous
use of spectrum resources, which is obviously good.
Of course, we also have a large demand for bandwidth
by consumers and others, which I think means that
the spectrum that is actually allocated does get to
use.

Thoughts?

Jari


Thanks for your= feedback, particularly about glass jar analogy which I was not sure would = communicate well or not.

In answer to your question, I don't think mobile networks are eating up= =20 too much spectrum.=C2=A0 I think there is enough for everyone.=C2=A0 It is= =20 definitely a "yes and" as opposed to an "either or" si= tuation.=C2=A0I should have made that clearer in my talk and will do so in = future.

What I do think is happening is that mobile network operators are taking a=20 lot of the air in the room when it comes to spectrum regulation.=C2=A0 Not= =20 nearly enough regulatory attention is given to unlicensed and dynamic=20 spectrum approaches to regulation.=C2=A0 Here in the UK for example, TVWS= =20 (dynamic spectrum) regulation and the expansion of the unlicensed bands=20 in 5GHz have taken a back seat to pressure from operators to make 5G=20 spectrum available.=C2=A0 There is not enough lobbying going on at regulato= ry agencies for spectrum and rules to enable the "smaller stones" i= n the=20 jar.

I think there is also an opportunity for a mi= ddle ground where operators are assigned spectrum (perhaps through auction)= on a "use it or share it" basis that would allow rural connectiv= ity initiatives access on a secondary basis to spectrum "owned" b= y mobile operators in areas where they have no coverage.=C2=A0 This might b= e in exchange for a reduction in universal services fees for the operator.= =C2=A0 I think there are lots of opportunities for win-win scenarios like t= his.

Cheers... Steve


--
<= /font>

_______________________________________________
gaia mailing list
gaia@irtf.org
https://www.irtf.org/mailman/listinfo/gaia


--000000000000884db6056800ee62-- From nobody Thu Mar 22 08:22:41 2018 Return-Path: X-Original-To: gaia@ietfa.amsl.com Delivered-To: gaia@ietfa.amsl.com Received: from localhost (localhost [127.0.0.1]) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTP id 2249412D88D for ; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 08:22:38 -0700 (PDT) X-Virus-Scanned: amavisd-new at amsl.com X-Spam-Flag: NO X-Spam-Score: -4.209 X-Spam-Level: X-Spam-Status: No, score=-4.209 tagged_above=-999 required=5 tests=[BAYES_00=-1.9, HDRS_LCASE=0.001, RCVD_IN_DNSWL_MED=-2.3, T_RP_MATCHES_RCVD=-0.01] autolearn=ham autolearn_force=no Received: from mail.ietf.org ([4.31.198.44]) by localhost (ietfa.amsl.com [127.0.0.1]) (amavisd-new, port 10024) with ESMTP id sO1Nn8fLSCKy for ; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 08:22:35 -0700 (PDT) Received: from mta0.cl.cam.ac.uk (mta0.cl.cam.ac.uk [128.232.25.20]) (using TLSv1 with cipher DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA (256/256 bits)) (No client certificate requested) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTPS id 46D9D12D943 for ; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 08:22:35 -0700 (PDT) Received: from ely.cl.cam.ac.uk ([128.232.64.213] ident=jac22) by mta0.cl.cam.ac.uk with esmtp (Exim 4.63) (envelope-from ) id 1ez22z-0000pM-Ey for gaia@irtf.org; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 15:22:33 +0000 From: Jon Crowcroft to: "gaia@irtf.org" MIME-Version: 1.0 Content-Type: text/plain; charset="us-ascii" Content-ID: <3932.1521732153.1@ely.cl.cam.ac.uk> Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Date: Thu, 22 Mar 2018 15:22:33 +0000 Message-Id: Archived-At: Subject: [gaia] IoT - workload info - X-BeenThere: gaia@irtf.org X-Mailman-Version: 2.1.22 Precedence: list List-Id: Global Access to the Internet for All List-Unsubscribe: , List-Archive: List-Post: List-Help: List-Subscribe: , X-List-Received-Date: Thu, 22 Mar 2018 15:22:38 -0000 tweeted this, but in case people not following that: some colleagues measured home IoT usage - be aware, quite a lot of data (= by gaia standards):- https://arxiv.org/abs/1803.05368 cheers j From nobody Thu Mar 22 12:58:20 2018 Return-Path: X-Original-To: gaia@ietfa.amsl.com Delivered-To: gaia@ietfa.amsl.com Received: from localhost (localhost [127.0.0.1]) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTP id 4E6EA124207 for ; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 12:58:18 -0700 (PDT) X-Virus-Scanned: amavisd-new at amsl.com X-Spam-Flag: NO X-Spam-Score: -1.91 X-Spam-Level: X-Spam-Status: No, score=-1.91 tagged_above=-999 required=5 tests=[BAYES_00=-1.9, T_RP_MATCHES_RCVD=-0.01] autolearn=ham autolearn_force=no Received: from mail.ietf.org ([4.31.198.44]) by localhost (ietfa.amsl.com [127.0.0.1]) (amavisd-new, port 10024) with ESMTP id G4nP65SprD3A for ; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 12:58:10 -0700 (PDT) Received: from p130.piuha.net (p130.piuha.net [193.234.218.130]) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTP id E9FB112704A for ; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 12:58:09 -0700 (PDT) Received: from localhost (localhost [127.0.0.1]) by p130.piuha.net (Postfix) with ESMTP id CF86A6601C8; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 21:58:08 +0200 (EET) Received: from p130.piuha.net ([127.0.0.1]) by localhost (p130.piuha.net [127.0.0.1]) (amavisd-new, port 10024) with ESMTP id Zut7UY9kYLOo; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 21:58:07 +0200 (EET) Received: from [127.0.0.1] (p130.piuha.net [IPv6:2001:14b8:1829::130]) by p130.piuha.net (Postfix) with ESMTPS id 6777066018F; Thu, 22 Mar 2018 21:58:07 +0200 (EET) Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8 Mime-Version: 1.0 (Mac OS X Mail 10.3 \(3273\)) From: Jari Arkko In-Reply-To: Date: Thu, 22 Mar 2018 19:58:06 +0000 Cc: gaia@irtf.org, Rohan Mahy Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Message-Id: References: <9BBBE11F-410F-42F2-8DB9-A972E8BC928E@piuha.net> To: stevesong@nsrc.org X-Mailer: Apple Mail (2.3273) Archived-At: Subject: Re: [gaia] Today's plenary presentations & spectrum X-BeenThere: gaia@irtf.org X-Mailman-Version: 2.1.22 Precedence: list List-Id: Global Access to the Internet for All List-Unsubscribe: , List-Archive: List-Post: List-Help: List-Subscribe: , X-List-Received-Date: Thu, 22 Mar 2018 19:58:18 -0000 Ok, thanks for the explanation. I also like the =E2=80=9Cuse it or share = it=E2=80=9D model, and other dynamic allocation schemes. Jari From nobody Mon Mar 26 02:43:00 2018 Return-Path: X-Original-To: gaia@ietfa.amsl.com Delivered-To: gaia@ietfa.amsl.com Received: from localhost (localhost [127.0.0.1]) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTP id 2D249126B6E for ; Mon, 26 Mar 2018 02:42:59 -0700 (PDT) X-Virus-Scanned: amavisd-new at amsl.com X-Spam-Flag: NO X-Spam-Score: -6.91 X-Spam-Level: X-Spam-Status: No, score=-6.91 tagged_above=-999 required=5 tests=[BAYES_00=-1.9, HTML_MESSAGE=0.001, RCVD_IN_DNSWL_HI=-5, SPF_PASS=-0.001, T_RP_MATCHES_RCVD=-0.01] autolearn=ham autolearn_force=no Received: from mail.ietf.org ([4.31.198.44]) by localhost (ietfa.amsl.com [127.0.0.1]) (amavisd-new, port 10024) with ESMTP id 0vl0V4T5kVfG for ; Mon, 26 Mar 2018 02:42:56 -0700 (PDT) Received: from smtp2.ictp.it (smtp2.ictp.it [140.105.16.52]) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTP id 76C67124E15 for ; Mon, 26 Mar 2018 02:42:55 -0700 (PDT) Received: from localhost (localhost [127.0.0.1]) by smtp2.ictp.it (Postfix) with ESMTP id 963948B62F for ; Mon, 26 Mar 2018 11:42:53 +0200 (CEST) X-Virus-Scanned: Debian amavisd-new at smtp2.ictp.it Received: from smtp2.ictp.it ([127.0.0.1]) by localhost (smtp2.ictp.it [127.0.0.1]) (amavisd-new, port 10025) with LMTP id FhFZfEuCl-UJ for ; Mon, 26 Mar 2018 11:42:51 +0200 (CEST) Received: from [192.168.1.182] (unknown [140.105.28.113]) (using TLSv1.2 with cipher ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384 (256/256 bits)) (No client certificate requested) by smtp2.ictp.it (Postfix) with ESMTPSA id 202E38B62C for ; Mon, 26 Mar 2018 11:42:50 +0200 (CEST) From: Marco Zennaro Content-Type: multipart/alternative; boundary="Apple-Mail=_C56A9BC3-CC16-42B8-ACD6-5CABA375272E" Mime-Version: 1.0 (Mac OS X Mail 11.2 \(3445.5.20\)) Message-Id: <59CCD646-56A9-4E27-B12F-BA0880C4432F@ictp.it> Date: Mon, 26 Mar 2018 11:42:49 +0200 To: gaia X-Mailer: Apple Mail (2.3445.5.20) Archived-At: Subject: [gaia] Special Issue on IoT in developing countries X-BeenThere: gaia@irtf.org X-Mailman-Version: 2.1.22 Precedence: list List-Id: Global Access to the Internet for All List-Unsubscribe: , List-Archive: List-Post: List-Help: List-Subscribe: , X-List-Received-Date: Mon, 26 Mar 2018 09:42:59 -0000 --Apple-Mail=_C56A9BC3-CC16-42B8-ACD6-5CABA375272E Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Content-Type: text/plain; charset=utf-8 EAI Endorsed Transactions on Internet of Things SPECIAL ISSUE ON: IoT in developing countries IMPORTANT DATES Manuscript submission deadline: April 30th, 2018 Notification of acceptance: June 15th, 2018 Submission of final revised paper: July 1st, 2018 Publication of special issue (tentative): August 1st, 2018 The prospect of IoT in developing countries is huge, ranging from = agriculture to smart city applications. This special issue targets the use of IoT and its = related technologies (e.g. fog computing, data analytics, green computing, smart grid etc.) = in developing countries. Building innovative solutions and services based on cutting = edge technologies is very challenging in developing countries for several reasons. The = limited IT infrastructure and Internet penetration are two of the key hindering = barriers. We are therefore seeking original, previously unpublished papers = empirically addressing key issues and challenges related with the use of IoT for the emerging = sectors in the developing countries. We are interested in current works of researchers = and practitioners from academia and industry aiming to benefit the developing world from = the technologies=E2=80=99 advances despite the existing limitations. When the paper is ready for submission, authors should go to = https://escripts.eai.eu/home, select =E2=80=9CInternet of Things=E2=80=9D, find their special issue = and upload their manuscript. More info: = https://drive.google.com/file/d/1IV8AzaCdJd8dPHPd7FVEpSIAyZmBXsMh/view Thanks! Marco Marco Zennaro, PhD // Research Officer // T/ICT4D Lab // ICTP // = wireless.ictp.it --Apple-Mail=_C56A9BC3-CC16-42B8-ACD6-5CABA375272E Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8
EAI Endorsed Transactions on Internet of Things

SPECIAL ISSUE ON: IoT in developing = countries

IMPORTANT DATES
Manuscript submission deadline: April 30th, 2018
Notification of acceptance: June 15th, 2018
Submission of final revised paper: July 1st, 2018
Publication of special issue (tentative): August 1st, = 2018

The = prospect of IoT in developing countries is huge, ranging from = agriculture to smart
city applications. This special issue = targets the use of IoT and its related technologies
(e.g. = fog computing, data analytics, green computing, smart grid etc.) in = developing
countries. Building innovative solutions and = services based on cutting edge technologies
is very = challenging in developing countries for several reasons. The limited = IT
infrastructure and Internet penetration are two of the = key hindering barriers.
We are therefore seeking original, = previously unpublished papers empirically addressing
key = issues and challenges related with the use of IoT for the emerging = sectors in the
developing countries. We are interested in = current works of researchers and practitioners
from = academia and industry aiming to benefit the developing world from the
technologies=E2=80=99 advances despite the existing = limitations.

When the paper is ready for submission, authors should go to = https://escripts.eai.eu/home,
select = =E2=80=9CInternet of Things=E2=80=9D, find their special issue and = upload their manuscript.


Thanks!
Marco

Marco Zennaro, PhD // Research Officer // T/ICT4D Lab // = ICTP // wireless.ictp.it



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DIR:OUT; SFP:1101; SCL:1; SRVR:DM3PR0601MB1979; H:DM3PR0601MB1916.namprd06.prod.outlook.com; FPR:; SPF:None; LANG:en; PTR:InfoNoRecords; A:1; MX:1; received-spf: None (protection.outlook.com: isoc.org does not designate permitted sender hosts) x-microsoft-antispam-message-info: 1nY+MdZDioPfYrrHxmgqlaGvzymq2+687dXNGqmavjWsgByD4ZSf2bXBYF6QBsk1ZxUxaULlVbSdWWM5hMapAMYlIndmNC0Miz6wBz4NyK4K+njJeOqkBVmkDB+q7FDcsL7k2seMKnP356prs9G3LNcii8FuA2yxz+zdo1LnBXdQn88gheeHTrG4XsCb5lzRW+9QWGtsybHUV6hHE47HFoEz8r0afHoA5TyoAJG9To2HwhfFN31BlodSj0ikkfhqterbFX5LR5Qvp/qI2h9Tzhe9jQvlRYzJEAenkD8mrq47hKoH76S0cxAD8YSGi4w8La7yXYs04CviCTX4A4m59tE7TQuXXkLSMOM2qne1D7ZdzT60xDqSoH9nik5kHzFgyE2jElK8WHpkuiumCUot5mBZk3WQ2NNPRnCc09d5xIw= spamdiagnosticoutput: 1:99 spamdiagnosticmetadata: NSPM Content-Type: multipart/signed; protocol="application/pkcs7-signature"; micalg=sha256; boundary="B_3605244690_2007978057" MIME-Version: 1.0 X-OriginatorOrg: isoc.org X-MS-Exchange-CrossTenant-Network-Message-Id: 62cac797-83cf-4853-e5ab-08d5963aa8bf X-MS-Exchange-CrossTenant-originalarrivaltime: 30 Mar 2018 12:35:02.4648 (UTC) X-MS-Exchange-CrossTenant-fromentityheader: Hosted X-MS-Exchange-CrossTenant-id: 89f84dfb-7285-4810-bc4d-8b9b5794554f X-MS-Exchange-Transport-CrossTenantHeadersStamped: DM3PR0601MB1979 Archived-At: Subject: [gaia] IETF 102 - Montreal, Canada - 14-20 July - Tech Fellowships X-BeenThere: gaia@irtf.org X-Mailman-Version: 2.1.22 Precedence: list List-Id: Global Access to the Internet for All List-Unsubscribe: , List-Archive: List-Post: List-Help: List-Subscribe: , X-List-Received-Date: Fri, 30 Mar 2018 12:35:08 -0000 --B_3605244690_2007978057 Content-type: text/plain; charset="UTF-8" Content-transfer-encoding: quoted-printable Hello Goodpeople of GAIA - Happy Friday wherever you may be around the world. Huge thanks to all those that participated in the meeting at IETF 101 in Lo= ndon last week. =20 Leandro and I will be sending you an email next week about next steps for o= nline collaboration and our goals for a draft BCP for Montreal on access. Please also see this info about Tech Fellowships to IETF 102 in Montreal. Have great weekends wherever you may be. Best, Jane/Leandro ********************************* Subject: ** APPLY NOW for the Internet Society Fellowship to IETF 102 - Mon= treal ** =20 Hello All, =20 The Internet Society is inviting applications for its Fellowship to the Int= ernet Engineering Task Force (IETF). The Fellowship programme allows technol= ogists, engineers and researchers from emerging and developing economies to = attend an Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) meeting. =20 The IETF is the Internet's premier standards-making body, responsible for t= he development of protocols used in IP-based networks. IETF participants rep= resent an international community of network designers, operators, vendors, = and researchers involved in the technical operation of the Internet and the = continuing evolution of Internet architecture. Fellowships will be awarded through a competitive application process. The = current selection round is for the following: =20 * IETF 102, July 14-20, 2018, Montreal, Canada =20 Information of the IETF fellowship programme (including expectations, selec= tion criteria, etc.) can be found at: http://bit.ly/2xtyGSE =20 PLEASE USE THE BELOW LINKS TO APPLY FOR THE PROGRAMME: =20 First-Time Fellows (individuals who have never been awarded an Internet Soc= iety Fellowship to the IETF) =20 Returning Fellows (individuals who have previously been awarded an Internet= Society Fellowship to the IETF) =20 Before applying for the Internet Society Fellowship to the IETF 102 Meeting= in Montreal, please read the self-assessment guide and ensure that you are = able to satisfy the requirements of the checklist. =20 Applications will close on 1 April, 2018 and successful candidates will be = notified on 20 April, 2018. =20 We encourage you to apply for this opportunity or pass this information abo= ut the programme to individuals in your network that have a keen interest in= the open standards development activities of the IETF. =20 If you have questions, please do not hesitate to contact Niel Harper at har= per@isoc.org. =20 Regards, =20 ----------------------------- Niel Harper Director, NGL & Fellowships Internet Society 1775 Wiehle Avenue Reston, VA 20190 Email: harper@isoc.org Skype: OlokunBB =20 Follow us on Twitter @ISOC_NextGen =20 Internet Society | www.internetsociety.org Skype: janercoffin Mobile/WhatsApp: +1.202.247.8429 =EF=BB=BFOn 3/22/18, 11:22 AM, "gaia on behalf of Jon Crowcroft" wrote: tweeted this, but in case people not following that: some colleagues measured home IoT usage - be aware, quite a lot of dat= a (by gaia standards):- =20 https://arxiv.org/abs/1803.05368 =20 cheers j =20 _______________________________________________ gaia mailing list gaia@irtf.org https://www.irtf.org/mailman/listinfo/gaia =20 --B_3605244690_2007978057 Content-Type: application/pkcs7-signature; name="smime.p7s" Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64 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SPF_PASS=-0.001, T_RP_MATCHES_RCVD=-0.01] autolearn=no autolearn_force=no Received: from mail.ietf.org ([4.31.198.44]) by localhost (ietfa.amsl.com [127.0.0.1]) (amavisd-new, port 10024) with ESMTP id UFBTHusVPGjW for ; Fri, 30 Mar 2018 15:38:12 -0700 (PDT) Received: from dc6042.fgv.br (dc6042.fgv.br [189.125.96.249]) (using TLSv1 with cipher ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA (256/256 bits)) (No client certificate requested) by ietfa.amsl.com (Postfix) with ESMTPS id 9B5811200C5 for ; Fri, 30 Mar 2018 15:38:11 -0700 (PDT) Received: from DC6010.fgv.br ([fe80::150d:d380:2368:fdde]) by dc6042.fgv.br ([fe80::5dcf:2f9:ad4c:ed6f%14]) with mapi id 14.03.0382.000; Fri, 30 Mar 2018 19:38:08 -0300 From: Luca Belli To: "gaia@irtf.org" Thread-Topic: Network self-determination: When building the Internet becomes a right Thread-Index: AdPGsGibnTKCYdPNSEivSbhIivxuXABxwauj Date: Fri, 30 Mar 2018 22:38:07 +0000 Message-ID: <4B6296ABAE1FC944984F6C9FE996FE19015425500B@DC6010.fgv.br> References: <4B6296ABAE1FC944984F6C9FE996FE190154254B65@DC6010.fgv.br> In-Reply-To: <4B6296ABAE1FC944984F6C9FE996FE190154254B65@DC6010.fgv.br> Accept-Language: pt-BR, en-US Content-Language: pt-BR X-MS-Has-Attach: yes X-MS-TNEF-Correlator: x-originating-ip: [169.55.144.217] Content-Type: multipart/related; boundary="_004_4B6296ABAE1FC944984F6C9FE996FE19015425500BDC6010fgvbr_"; type="multipart/alternative" MIME-Version: 1.0 Archived-At: Subject: [gaia] Network self-determination: When building the Internet becomes a right X-BeenThere: gaia@irtf.org X-Mailman-Version: 2.1.22 Precedence: list List-Id: Global Access to the Internet for All List-Unsubscribe: , List-Archive: List-Post: List-Help: List-Subscribe: , X-List-Received-Date: Fri, 30 Mar 2018 22:38:16 -0000 --_004_4B6296ABAE1FC944984F6C9FE996FE19015425500BDC6010fgvbr_ Content-Type: multipart/alternative; boundary="_000_4B6296ABAE1FC944984F6C9FE996FE19015425500BDC6010fgvbr_" --_000_4B6296ABAE1FC944984F6C9FE996FE19015425500BDC6010fgvbr_ Content-Type: text/plain; charset="Windows-1252" Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Dear GAIA members, I thought this might be of interest Kind regards Luca Network self-determination: When building the Internet becomes a right There is no doubt that network self-determination reinforces the distribute= d nature of the Internet and there is no reason why individuals should not = have the possibility to build the Internet themselves, improving their stan= dards of living while bridging digital divides. By: Luca Belli Date: March 28, 2018 [line break image] Anyone reading this article would agree that the Internet and communication= technologies play an increasingly essential role in every connected indivi= dual=92s life. Access to well-functioning network infrastructure on afforda= ble and non-discriminatory terms facilitates significantly the full enjoyme= nt of one=92s fundamental rights. Internet users can easily access knowledg= e and education, conduct businesses by trading goods and services online, a= nd utilize digital public services, from paying taxes to applying to school= s and receiving remote medical consultations. As connected individuals, we can safely state that the Internet has become = an integral part of our lives and our environment, affecting substantially = how we form our opinions, how we socialize and learn and, ultimately, what = opportunities we are able to grasp over the course of our lives. But what a= bout the unconnected? The current digital (r)evolution can also deepen divides in our societies, = due to the uneven distribution of digital dividends between those for which= connectivity is available and easily affordable and those who are either u= nconnected or face considerable challenges to connect.[1] This article briefly explores how groups of unconnected and scarcely connec= ted individuals can regain control over their digital futures, building the= ir own community networks and enjoying what I define as =93network self-det= ermination.=94[2] I argue that network self-d= etermination leads to several positive externalities for the affected commu= nities while preserving the Internet as a distributed, interoperable and ge= nerative network of networks. In this perspective, concrete examples of communities enjoying network self= -determination seem to prove that =93the design and development of the Inte= rnet infrastructure have a growing impact on society=94[3] and foster a digital environment that enables human rights. Continues here http://www.ietfjournal.org/network-self-determination-when-b= uilding-the-internet-becomes-a-right/ Feel free to share https://twitter.com/1lucabelli/status/979020870231449601 [FGV Direito Rio] Luca Belli, PhD Senior Researcher Head of Internet Governance @ FGV luca.belli@fgv.br +55 21 3799 5763 @1lucabelli [http://www.fgv.br/mailing/Direito_Rio/assinatura_email/Ondas.png] --_000_4B6296ABAE1FC944984F6C9FE996FE19015425500BDC6010fgvbr_ Content-Type: text/html; charset="Windows-1252" Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable
Dear GAIA members,

I thought this might be of interest

Kind regards

Luca

 

Network self-determination: When building the Inte= rnet becomes a right

There is no doubt that network = self-determination reinforces the distributed nature of the Internet and th= ere is no reason why individuals should not have the possibility to build t= he Internet themselves, improving their standards of living while bridging digital divides.

By: Luca Belli

Date: March 28, 2018

3D"line

 

Anyone reading this article wou= ld agree that the Internet and communication technologies play an increasin= gly essential role in every connected individual=92s life. Access to well-f= unctioning network infrastructure on affordable and non-discriminatory terms facilitates significantly the full enjoyment = of one=92s fundamental rights. Internet users can easily access knowledge a= nd education, conduct businesses by trading goods and services online, and = utilize digital public services, from paying taxes to applying to schools and receiving remote medical consultat= ions.

 

As connected individuals, we ca= n safely state that the Internet has become an integral part of our lives a= nd our environment, affecting substantially how we form our opinions, how w= e socialize and learn and, ultimately, what opportunities we are able to grasp over the course of our lives. But = what about the unconnected?

The current digital (r)evolutio= n can also deepen divides in our societies, due to the uneven distribution = of digital dividends between those for which connectivity is available and = easily affordable and those who are either unconnected or face considerable challenges to connect.[1]

 

This article briefly explores h= ow groups of unconnected and scarcely connected individuals can regain cont= rol over their digital futures, building their own community networks and e= njoying what I define as =93network self-determination.=94<= span lang=3D"EN-US">[2] I argue that network self-determination leads to several positive external= ities for the affected communities while preserving the Internet as a distr= ibuted, interoperable and generative network of networks.

 

In this perspective, concrete e= xamples of communities enjoying network self-determination seem to prove th= at =93the design and development of the Internet infrastructure have a grow= ing impact on society=94[3]= and foster a digital environment that enables human rights.

 

Continues here http://www.ietfjournal.org/network-self-determination-when-building-th= e-internet-becomes-a-right/
 

 

Feel free to share https://twitter.com/1lucabelli/status/979020870= 231449601

 

 

 

3D"FGV

Luca Belli, PhD
Senior Researcher
Head of
Internet Governance @ FGV

luca.belli@fgv.br
+55 21 3799 5763

@1lucabelli

3D"http:=<= /p>

 

 

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