```
/**
Copyright (c) 2011 IETF Trust and the persons identified as
authors of the code. All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject to the license
terms contained in, the Simplified BSD License set forth in Section
4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
(http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info).
*/
import java.lang.reflect.UndeclaredThrowableException;
import java.security.GeneralSecurityException;
import java.text.DateFormat;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;
import javax.crypto.Mac;
import javax.crypto.spec.SecretKeySpec;
import java.math.BigInteger;
import java.util.TimeZone;
/**
* This is an example implementation of the OATH
* TOTP algorithm.
* Visit www.openauthentication.org for more information.
*
* @author Johan Rydell, PortWise, Inc.
*/
public class TOTP {
private TOTP() {}
/**
* This method uses the JCE to provide the crypto algorithm.
* HMAC computes a Hashed Message Authentication Code with the
* crypto hash algorithm as a parameter.
*
* @param crypto: the crypto algorithm (HmacSHA1, HmacSHA256,
* HmacSHA512)
* @param keyBytes: the bytes to use for the HMAC key
* @param text: the message or text to be authenticated
*/
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RFC 6238 HOTPTimeBased May 2011
private static byte[] hmac_sha(String crypto, byte[] keyBytes,
byte[] text){
try {
Mac hmac;
hmac = Mac.getInstance(crypto);
SecretKeySpec macKey =
new SecretKeySpec(keyBytes, "RAW");
hmac.init(macKey);
return hmac.doFinal(text);
} catch (GeneralSecurityException gse) {
throw new UndeclaredThrowableException(gse);
}
}
/**
* This method converts a HEX string to Byte[]
*
* @param hex: the HEX string
*
* @return: a byte array
*/
private static byte[] hexStr2Bytes(String hex){
// Adding one byte to get the right conversion
// Values starting with "0" can be converted
byte[] bArray = new BigInteger("10" + hex,16).toByteArray();
// Copy all the REAL bytes, not the "first"
byte[] ret = new byte[bArray.length - 1];
for (int i = 0; i < ret.length; i++)
ret[i] = bArray[i+1];
return ret;
}
private static final int[] DIGITS_POWER
// 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
= {1,10,100,1000,10000,100000,1000000,10000000,100000000 };
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RFC 6238 HOTPTimeBased May 2011
/**
* This method generates a TOTP value for the given
* set of parameters.
*
* @param key: the shared secret, HEX encoded
* @param time: a value that reflects a time
* @param returnDigits: number of digits to return
*
* @return: a numeric String in base 10 that includes
* {@link truncationDigits} digits
*/
public static String generateTOTP(String key,
String time,
String returnDigits){
return generateTOTP(key, time, returnDigits, "HmacSHA1");
}
/**
* This method generates a TOTP value for the given
* set of parameters.
*
* @param key: the shared secret, HEX encoded
* @param time: a value that reflects a time
* @param returnDigits: number of digits to return
*
* @return: a numeric String in base 10 that includes
* {@link truncationDigits} digits
*/
public static String generateTOTP256(String key,
String time,
String returnDigits){
return generateTOTP(key, time, returnDigits, "HmacSHA256");
}
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RFC 6238 HOTPTimeBased May 2011
/**
* This method generates a TOTP value for the given
* set of parameters.
*
* @param key: the shared secret, HEX encoded
* @param time: a value that reflects a time
* @param returnDigits: number of digits to return
*
* @return: a numeric String in base 10 that includes
* {@link truncationDigits} digits
*/
public static String generateTOTP512(String key,
String time,
String returnDigits){
return generateTOTP(key, time, returnDigits, "HmacSHA512");
}
/**
* This method generates a TOTP value for the given
* set of parameters.
*
* @param key: the shared secret, HEX encoded
* @param time: a value that reflects a time
* @param returnDigits: number of digits to return
* @param crypto: the crypto function to use
*
* @return: a numeric String in base 10 that includes
* {@link truncationDigits} digits
*/
public static String generateTOTP(String key,
String time,
String returnDigits,
String crypto){
int codeDigits = Integer.decode(returnDigits).intValue();
String result = null;
// Using the counter
// First 8 bytes are for the movingFactor
// Compliant with base RFC 4226 (HOTP)
while (time.length() < 16 )
time = "0" + time;
// Get the HEX in a Byte[]
byte[] msg = hexStr2Bytes(time);
byte[] k = hexStr2Bytes(key);
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RFC 6238 HOTPTimeBased May 2011
byte[] hash = hmac_sha(crypto, k, msg);
// put selected bytes into result int
int offset = hash[hash.length - 1] & 0xf;
int binary =
((hash[offset] & 0x7f) << 24) |
((hash[offset + 1] & 0xff) << 16) |
((hash[offset + 2] & 0xff) << 8) |
(hash[offset + 3] & 0xff);
int otp = binary % DIGITS_POWER[codeDigits];
result = Integer.toString(otp);
while (result.length() < codeDigits) {
result = "0" + result;
}
return result;
}
public static void main(String[] args) {
// Seed for HMAC-SHA1 - 20 bytes
String seed = "3132333435363738393031323334353637383930";
// Seed for HMAC-SHA256 - 32 bytes
String seed32 = "3132333435363738393031323334353637383930" +
"313233343536373839303132";
// Seed for HMAC-SHA512 - 64 bytes
String seed64 = "3132333435363738393031323334353637383930" +
"3132333435363738393031323334353637383930" +
"3132333435363738393031323334353637383930" +
"31323334";
long T0 = 0;
long X = 30;
long testTime[] = {59L, 1111111109L, 1111111111L,
1234567890L, 2000000000L, 20000000000L};
String steps = "0";
DateFormat df = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss");
df.setTimeZone(TimeZone.getTimeZone("UTC"));
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RFC 6238 HOTPTimeBased May 2011
try {
System.out.println(
"+---------------+-----------------------+" +
"------------------+--------+--------+");
System.out.println(
"| Time(sec) | Time (UTC format) " +
"| Value of T(Hex) | TOTP | Mode |");
System.out.println(
"+---------------+-----------------------+" +
"------------------+--------+--------+");
for (int i=0; i
```
Appendix B. Test Vectors
This section provides test values that can be used for the HOTP time-
based variant algorithm interoperability test.
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RFC 6238 HOTPTimeBased May 2011
The test token shared secret uses the ASCII string value
"12345678901234567890". With Time Step X = 30, and the Unix epoch as
the initial value to count time steps, where T0 = 0, the TOTP
algorithm will display the following values for specified modes and
timestamps.
+-------------+--------------+------------------+----------+--------+
| Time (sec) | UTC Time | Value of T (hex) | TOTP | Mode |
+-------------+--------------+------------------+----------+--------+
| 59 | 1970-01-01 | 0000000000000001 | 94287082 | SHA1 |
| | 00:00:59 | | | |
| 59 | 1970-01-01 | 0000000000000001 | 46119246 | SHA256 |
| | 00:00:59 | | | |
| 59 | 1970-01-01 | 0000000000000001 | 90693936 | SHA512 |
| | 00:00:59 | | | |
| 1111111109 | 2005-03-18 | 00000000023523EC | 07081804 | SHA1 |
| | 01:58:29 | | | |
| 1111111109 | 2005-03-18 | 00000000023523EC | 68084774 | SHA256 |
| | 01:58:29 | | | |
| 1111111109 | 2005-03-18 | 00000000023523EC | 25091201 | SHA512 |
| | 01:58:29 | | | |
| 1111111111 | 2005-03-18 | 00000000023523ED | 14050471 | SHA1 |
| | 01:58:31 | | | |
| 1111111111 | 2005-03-18 | 00000000023523ED | 67062674 | SHA256 |
| | 01:58:31 | | | |
| 1111111111 | 2005-03-18 | 00000000023523ED | 99943326 | SHA512 |
| | 01:58:31 | | | |
| 1234567890 | 2009-02-13 | 000000000273EF07 | 89005924 | SHA1 |
| | 23:31:30 | | | |
| 1234567890 | 2009-02-13 | 000000000273EF07 | 91819424 | SHA256 |
| | 23:31:30 | | | |
| 1234567890 | 2009-02-13 | 000000000273EF07 | 93441116 | SHA512 |
| | 23:31:30 | | | |
| 2000000000 | 2033-05-18 | 0000000003F940AA | 69279037 | SHA1 |
| | 03:33:20 | | | |
| 2000000000 | 2033-05-18 | 0000000003F940AA | 90698825 | SHA256 |
| | 03:33:20 | | | |
| 2000000000 | 2033-05-18 | 0000000003F940AA | 38618901 | SHA512 |
| | 03:33:20 | | | |
| 20000000000 | 2603-10-11 | 0000000027BC86AA | 65353130 | SHA1 |
| | 11:33:20 | | | |
| 20000000000 | 2603-10-11 | 0000000027BC86AA | 77737706 | SHA256 |
| | 11:33:20 | | | |
| 20000000000 | 2603-10-11 | 0000000027BC86AA | 47863826 | SHA512 |
| | 11:33:20 | | | |
+-------------+--------------+------------------+----------+--------+
Table 1: TOTP Table
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RFC 6238 HOTPTimeBased May 2011
Authors' Addresses
David M'Raihi
Verisign, Inc.
685 E. Middlefield Road
Mountain View, CA 94043
USA
EMail: davidietf@gmail.com
Salah Machani
Diversinet Corp.
2225 Sheppard Avenue East, Suite 1801
Toronto, Ontario M2J 5C2
Canada
EMail: smachani@diversinet.com
Mingliang Pei
Symantec
510 E. Middlefield Road
Mountain View, CA 94043
USA
EMail: Mingliang_Pei@symantec.com
Johan Rydell
Portwise, Inc.
275 Hawthorne Ave., Suite 119
Palo Alto, CA 94301
USA
EMail: johanietf@gmail.com
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